5th Regiment Cavalry, NY Volunteers
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
HARRIS LIGHT CAVALRY.
This regiment is about organizing a new company (the Twelfth), and has opened
a recruiting office at 648 Broadway for the purpose of receiving those desirous
of enlisting in a cavalry regiment now at the seat of war.
THE IRA HARRIS GUARD. (1861)
The Ira Harris Guard, Colonel O. DeForrest, but now temporarily under the command
of the senior officer, Captain green, struck their tents at Camp Herrendon,
Staten Island, on Monday, and moved to Camp Scott, where the ground is more
adapted for drilling. This regiment of cavalry promises to be one of the
first class. Seven full companies have been mustered into service, and there
are three skeleton companies remaining to be filled up. The men are being
drilled in the most rigid manner, according to the school for dismounted
cavalry. They are to have their horses and full equipments be fore they start
for the seat of war. There are at present eight hundred able bodied men in
the regiment, which is to be brought up to the number of fourteen hundred.
The day fixed for the complete organization of the troops is the 26th of
this month, immediately after which date they will be despatched to the seat
IRA HARRIS CAVALRY.
The men enlisting in this cavalry regiment belonging to Captain Green's company
were yesterday supplied with their uniforms. Captain Isaacs is getting up
a crack company for the regiment at 564 Broadway. There are already five
companies fully organized. Some of these are encamped at New Utpeunt, and
others at Staten Island. Many of the officers have served in the European
wars. Lieut. Burns, of Capt. Green's company, served in the Crimea, having
received nine wounds on the battle-field. During the past four years he has
served in the United States Army. It was he who fired the arsenal at Harper's
Ferry, to prevent it falling into the hands of the rebels.
Lieut. Wilson, of the same company, was attached to the Royal Irish Dragoons,
and took part in the celebrated charge at Balaklava.
A NOVEL EXPEDIENT TO OBTAIN RECRUITS FOR THE EMPIRE BRIGADE.--Charles L. Frothingham, "First
Lieutenant and Regimental Adjutant of the New-York Seventh Regiment, and late
Quartermaster of the Fifth New-York Cavalry," in an advertisement for
recruits for Company E. Third Regiment, Spinola's Empire Brigade, makes the
following appeal "This will be the first regiment in the field from New-York,
and it is earnestly hoped that the young men of New-York, and vicinity will
come forward and join a company, under experienced officers, to put down this
wicked rebellion, which has been brought about by such men as Wendell Phillips,
Horace Greely, Henry Ward Beecher, and a host of other abolition
IRA HARRIS GUARD (CAVALRY.)
Companies A, B and C of this regiment are encamped on Staten island, near the
second landing. Capt. Isaacs, in the absence of Capt. Green, is in command
of the camp. The companies are drilled for six hours each day. The duty of
Adjutant devolves on Lieut. Burns, an experienced officer, who has served
under the command of Colonels May and Crittenden, and of late under Major
Graham, Superintendent of Mounted Service, and one of the most accomplished
and loyal officers in the army. Mr. Burns served as First Sergeant in the United
States Army and British army, was engaged at Alma, Balaklava, Sebastopol, in
Texas, and was one of the men who fired the Arsenal at Harper's Ferry. Lieut.
Wilson, of Company A, was one of those who made the charge of the six hundred
at Balaklava. Captains Daley, Benson, Lynes and Peck have established recruiting
offices in various parts of the State. Their companies are not yet full.
CAPT. MAHON'S COMPANY.—Capt E. A. Mahon is now recruiting for a new
company in the 3d Ira Harris Cavalry, and has opened an office at No. 147 Main
street. This regiment is commanded by the gallant Col. James W. Savage, and
is officered throughout by efficient and experienced officers. Capt. Mahon
is a competent and intelligent soldier, aud ought to be able to raise a company
in double-quick time.
THE IRA HARRIS GUARD.
Col. O. DeForest has been fully authorized to raise this command to a brigade,
which is now very rapidly being completed. It numbers at present fifteen
companies, encamped at Camp Scott, and by Saturday next the brigade will
receive further reinforcements which will make a complement of fully two
thousand men. Captain Cramm arrived at camp Sunday morning, with his full
company. On Saturday Major McVicar brought on from Rochester Captain Stanley's
company. The Major returned recently to Rochester, where he will superintend
the completion of the following companies.—Captain Ward's, which now
in an advanced state; Captain Beuzigger's, at Albion, and Captain McDonald's,
at Honeoye Falls. The Major will lecture at different places during his absence
on military subjects. One company from Michigan is expected in ten days.
The brigade will be fully equipped and mounted as soon as the horses can
be purchased so as to have the men as efficient as possible before they are
ordered to Washington. It is probable that Major McVicar will receive the
position of Lieutenant
Colonel of the Second regiment of the brigade for his indefatigable exertions
on behalf of the organization.
James Bryant, 1st Lieut. Company G, of the 5th N. Y. Cavalry raised by Capt.
PKrom in this county, has just returned on special duty. He is in excellent
health and spirits and gives thrilling accounts of the many engagements his
company has been lately in. He reports the following men from this county as
missing: Peter Conlon, Sergeant; Geo. Payne, Johnson Foster, Eugene B. Barnes,
John Tibe, Wm. Turner, John Doyle, Samual Gordon and Byron G. Wilmot, Sergeant
from Rome, Pa., and H. F. Davis, from N. Y. City. Lieut. Bryan thinks the above
are prisoners. These were mostly all lost at Hagerstown. For other particulars
in connection with the gallant 5th N. Y. Cavalry we refer to the letter of
Lieut. Krohn published
on our first page, which, by the by, is worthy of close attention.
THE IRA HARRIS BRIGADE.
PRESENTATION OF A STAND OF COLORS TO THE FIRST REGIMENT.
The long postponed and highly interesting ceremony of the presentation of a
stand or colors to this regiment took place at the camp, at Staten Island,
on Monday evening past. There was a very large assembly of ladies and gentlemen
from New York and Brooklyn, and at the time appointed for the presentation
the ground presented a very beautiful and animated appearance.
The Hon. Ira Harris, Senator of this State, and the founder of the brigade,
was there for the purpose of presenting the colors. The standard was a splendid
one, worked in silk and beautifully finished. The review of the soldiers was
in every respect highly satisfactory There were over thirty officers in full
dress uniform on the ground. Among the events of the day was the trial of a
new breech loading cannon, also named after the Senator, and, therefore, known
as the Ira Harris gun. The trial was in every way satisfactory, the range of
the piece being considered very efficient. The gun will accompany the regiment,
and will be, doubtless, heard of more extensively hereafter. The presentation
speech of Senator Harris was marked by its patriotic and noble spirit. He applauded
the devotion of the people from whom such-brave men had come, and charged officers
and men to stand faithfully by their fathers' country and flag. In concluding
his speech he said: I shall watch your movements with the intensest interest.
Whatever my humble efforts can accomplish for your welfare or comfort shall
be done. But the life of a soldier is no holiday life. I know you will endure
hardships as good soldiers, that you will brave even death itself in a cause
Some of you will fall in battle. Oh! it is a glorious death thus to die. Some
of you—most of you, I hope—will live to return. But come not back,
I charge you, until you come covered all over with glory to receive the plaudits
of a grateful country.
The address made a profound impression, and was frequently interrupted by cheers
by the whole regiment. Colonel De Forest returned thanks in behalf of the regiment,
in a manly and excellent speech, promising for himself and his regiment to
do all that men can do for the triumph of the cause of the Union. A sumptuous
collation was spread for the officers and guests, who did full justice to the
ample provision of the caterer. The regiment was under orders to leave yesterday,
but, in consequence of some necessary reparations not being concluded will
not leave for a day or two longer. The horses, however will be sent forward
EXPEDITION TO ORANGE C. H. OUR TROOPS ATTACKED AND SURROUNDED BY REBEL CAVALRY.
ROUT OF THE LATTER WITH TERRIBLE SLAUGHTER.
30 TO 40 KILLED, 50 TO 60 WOUNDED AND 43 PRISONERS.
OUR LOSS SLIGHT.
Special Despatch to the N. Y. Tribune.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4.
Two hundred of the 5th New York Cavalry and 300 of the 1st Vermont went on
a reconnoisance from Culpepper Court House to Orange Court House, 17 miles.
They left at 3 o'clock in the afternoon of Saturday last, encamped
at night near Racoon Ford. Early next morning the march was resumed, driving
in the enemy's pickets. About 1 o'clock, while marching into the town they
were attacked by the enemy, about 600 strong, surrounding our men on all sides.
After an hour's severe fighting our force drove them from the town, killing
between 30 and 40—21 of their dead lying in one street—wounding
between 50 and 60, and taking 43 prisoners; among them one major, two captains
and two lieutenants.
The Union party were commanded by Brigadier-General Crawford in person. The
enemy were Ashby's Cavalry. Col. Robinson, Co. G. and Co. H. of the 5th N.
Y. Cavalry captured nearly the whole of them. Many of the prisoners were badly
wounded by sabre cuts.
The Major would not surrender, when he was struck a terrible sabre blow on
the top of his head. One of the captains had one of his ears cut off. The prisoners
are now in Culpepper Court House.
The enemy had every advantage over us in position. The following are the names
of the killed and wounded of the 5th Cavalry, Ira Harris: — —— Cooley,
chief buglar, killed; Lieut. Gear, shoulder; Sergeant Clough, stomach, mortal;
Private Quinn, eye; Corporal Charles A. Morris, Co. B; Archibald Frazer, Quartermaster's
Sergeant. Three others were slightly wounded, but could not learn their names.
In the Vermont regiment five or six were wounded.
Battle at Warrenton Junction.
EIGHTY MEN FIGHT DESPERATELY WITH THREE HUNDRED.
THE FIFTH NEW YORK COME TO THEIR RESGUE.
THE REBELS DEFEATED AND ROUTED.
FAIRFAX, C. H., May 3, 1863.
A fight occurred at Warrenton Junction this morning between a portion of
Stahl's cavalry, under Col. De Forrest, and Moseby's guerrillas. Moseby with
about 300 men attacked the 1st Virginia cavalry about daylight. The Rebels
succeeded in surrounding our men, about eighty in number, who fought desperately.
The 5th New York came to the rescue, and the Rebels were utterly routed and
scattered in all directions. Major Hammond, with a portion of the 6th N.
Y., followed in pursuit, chasing the enemy beyond Warrenton.
Our loss is one killed; five officers and fourteen wounded. Maj. Steele of
the 1st Va. is mortally wounded.
The Rebel loss is heavy, the dead being left upon the field. We have taken
twenty-three prisoners, fifteen of whom are wounded. Among the prisoners is
Dick Moras, the notorious bushwhacker, badly wounded. Templeton, Moseby's spy,
was killed. Moseby is reported wounded. The wounded and prisoners have been
sent in from Warrenton, Junction.
Our men fought gallantly and the Rebels acknowledge that they got hold of the
wrong party that time.
FROM HOOKER'S ARMY.
CORRESPONDENCE OF MR. G. H. HART.
HEADQUARTERS, STAHEL'S CAVALRY DIVISION,
FAIRFAX COURT HOUSE, June 11, 1863.
The Redens Cavalry Fight at Beverly's Ford--The Part Taken by General Stahel's
Division--The Garibaldi Guard Reorganized--Appearance of Their Camp-Rumors
Relative to Mosby and His Rebel Cavalry, &c.
The expedition, consisting of the available cavalry of this division, and Captain
Daniel's battery of artillery, which left this place on the 8th inst., commanded
by Major General Stahel in person, has just returned. The design of the movement
was to protect the flank of Buford, on his advance across the Rappahannock;
but the original intention at the outset, agreeable to orders received from
Washington, as I then understood, was for general Stahel to advance on Culpepper;
but this was changed, owing to discoveries made as to the disposition of the
At an early hour Monday morning the line of march was taken up direct for Bristow
Station, via Centreville, crossing the stream at Bull run, through Manassas
Junction, thence to a mile or so beyond Bristow, halting at
Camp Harris, the headquarters of Acting General DeForrest, commanding the Third
brigade of this division. The march was devoid of the slightest occurrence
of interest. The particulars of what transpired at Camp Harris are engrossed
in my correspondence from that point, already forwarded. The sound of artillery
firing in the line of battle between Buford and Stuart was plainly perceptible,
and we were kept on the qui vive of expectation, anticipating orders every
moment that would despatch us to the scene of action. To add to the excitement
of the moment, parties of cavalry were sent forth in all directions, our returning
couriers reporting that Mosby, with three pieces of artillery, was in the vicinity
of Warrenton; then the subsequent bugle call of "boots and saddles," which,
much to the evident chagrin of the men, was afterwards countermanded. By such
variety was the otherwise monotony of the situation qualified. In the meantime,
and during the night, a train, containing some two hundred and forty of our
wounded, passed through on its way to Alexandria. In the morning the report
of Percy Wyndham being wounded came into camp, and created much interest among
the troops, to whom he was personally known, having previously commanded a
brigade of this present division. Thus material came to hand from passant le
temps until early on Thursday morning, when the order was given to prepare
for the return march to the old quarters at Fairfax Court House.
On the return route Centreville became a point of interest, General Stahel
paying visits to General Hays, commandant of the forces, and to the different
regiments formerly composing his brigade. Among others I called upon the commanding
officer of the Garibaldi Guard who informed me that the old regiment had just
been changed in its organization, and at present consists of four consolidated
companies, under the command of a major, assisted by an adjutant and twelve
line officers. All others were mustered out. Its new title is the Thirty-ninth
New York Consolidated Battalion. The camp of the Thirty-ninth is arranged with
much good taste, and proves an object of interest to the visitor in the shape
of a miniature zoological garden. It appears that the men have an affection
for animals, which was evinced in the number of quadrupeds of the canine species
kept as pets; but on account of their noisy proclivities a special order from
General Hays was issued banishing dogs forever afterwards from the sacred precincts
of the Garibaldian camp.
But the order only specified dogs, and a military quibble at once was raised
that the rest of animated creation was not interdicted, and that by substituting
other pets there would be no evasion. Consequently no violation. Therefore
the ingenuity and Van Amburg-like ability of the regiment was brought in requisition,
and the woods deprived of their denizens, of all grades and species, and at
the present moment can be found in the camp of the Thirty-ninth a heterogeneous
collection of birds, fowls and animals. I was much amused by two tame black
crows, who kept up a constant cawing, certainly in no wise inferior in vocal
power to the dogs. Also tame owls, and a variety too numerous to mention.
On the return of the division to Fairfax, the Sixth Pennsylvania reserves,
who were on duty here, were ordered back to Fairfax Station, their old quarters,
and the usual routine of a camp life was resumed. I take pleasure in announcing
the appointment of Lieutenant Colonel Alger, of the Sixth Michigan cavalry,
to the command, as colonel, of the Fifth Michigan cavalry. This officer bears
the highest reputation, both as an officer of distinguished merit and as a
gentleman. He has rendered good service both in the West and in this division,
where he is universally respected and esteemed.
Since our return Mosby is reported to have entered Maryland and driven back
a force of Unionists on picket in the neighborhood of Poolesville. Arrangements
have been made by General Stahel to intercept his retreat.
Headquarters 5th N. Y. Cavalry, Percelville, Va.
July 18th, 1863.
EDITOR TIMES:—Wishing to inform the friends at home of t he fate of Company
E, of this Regiment, and not having time to write to all, I improve the first
hour's rest we have had since crossing the Potomac into Maryland, (June 27th
to give you a list of killed, wounded and prisoners in this Company, which
was recruited in Cattaraugus and Allegany counties.
At Hanover, Pa., J u n e 30, 1863, 2d Lieut. Elem S. Dye, killed, Allegany,
Cattaraugus Co., N. Y.; Mortally wounded, 1st Sergeant John S. Trobridge, Rushford,
N. Y.; Henry W. Monroe, Little Valley, N. Y.; Slightly wounded, Bradley Alexander,
Farmersville, N.. Y.; Newton C. Row, Friendship, N. Y.; Orson S. Keys, Genessee,
N. Y. Captured, Frank Olmstead, Allegany Co., N. Y. At Williamsport, Md., July,
5th, 1863, wounded by fall of horse, and captured; 1st Lieut. D. B. Merriman,
Richburg, N. Y., wounded and captured, Fred J. Ehman, Ellicottville, N. Y.;
captured, Fred J. Clark, Olean, N. Y. Lieut. Merriman being too seriously injured
to be moved, he was released. Wounded all doing well. Respectfully,
W. P. DYE,
Capt. Co. E, N. Y. C.
The above letter was received in time for publication last week, but it ws
FROM THE 5TH N. Y. CAVALRY.
UPPERVILLE, VA., July 22d, 1863.
EDITOR MIRROR:—Six long weeks have passed since I presented my last letter
to the Mirror; weeks frought with interest to our beloved country. Once more
success has crowned our efforts. Truly they have been weeks of toil and hardship
to the soldier, but he has been compensated for all this by the success of
our arms. The fall of Vicksburg and Port Hudson, and the defeat of Lee's army
cheers us on; and we cherish the hope of soon seeing our Union restored to
the foremost position among the nations of the earth.
I will endeavor to give you a brief account of the part performed by our Cavalry
division the past four weeks. We broke camp at Fairfax Court House, Sunday,
June 21st, and made a reconnaissance to Warrenton. Here Comp. F with two companies
from the 1st Virginia and 1st Vermont were sent down to the fords on the Rappahannock.
We gat back to Fairfax about 3 P. M. on the 24th just in time to hear Boots
and Saddles sounding and in a short time the whole Division was on its way
to the Potomac,—excepting our three corps which were allowed to pass
another night in the old camp. At daybreak we moved out and at 4 P. M. crossed
at the ford near Edward's Ferry, and that night camped near Poolesville, Md.—We
guarded the wagon train from that place to Frederick City where we joined the
division. Moving towards Hanover, Penn., we passed through several towns where
we were warmly greeted by the loyal people,—especially the ladies, who
waved the starry flags and sang patriotic songs besides distributing refreshments
through the ranks. We found it quite different to the treatment we receive
from the fair sex in Virginia.
At Hanover, the whole town turned out to welcome us. It was about 9 o'clock
A. M. when we entered the place. Our brigade was drawn up in column of fours
in the main street, and we were enjoying ourselves finely, when the report
of a cannon and the bursting of a shell in our rear caused a great commotion.
The rebels had attacked our rear. It was so unexpected as to almost create
a panic. But our regiment, after forming line in an open lot, charged through
the town driving the rebels back to their battery, capturing
a lt. Col. and fifty other prisoners, with the battle flag of the 2nd North
Our loss was twelve killed and about forty wounded. Capt. Eldridge of the 4th
regular Artillery soon got his four pieces into operation and chose our regiment
to support, which we did till the rebels withdrew leaving many of their dead
on the field.—A detachment from our regiment under Major Hammond followed
them four miles, skirmishing with their rear guard. Next day (the 1st of July)
we reconnoitered to within twenty miles of Harrisburg. On the 2d we marched
towards Gettysburg, where heavy cannonading was heard, and we could see the
smoke of battle. Our division was ordered to the right wing of the army, and
just at sundown encountered the enemy's cavalry, their battery opening on our
advance. The 18th Penn. Cavalry made a charge driving the rebels out of Hunterstown.
Our battery took position on an eminence, and did excellent work dismounting
one of the guns in the rebel battery. Our advance was called in, and the 6th
Mich. cavalry, armed with the Spencer Rifle, (seven-shooters) were posted so
as to command the ground in front. Soon, as was expected the rebel cavalry
came up on a charge, but being met with a shower of cannister shot and rifle
balls, they went back faster than they came. Darkness now settled down upon
us and thus ended the fight for that day. During the night we moved along our
lines and next morning found ourselves on the extreme left flank of our line
of battle. At daylight the ball opened all along the lines. At 10 o'clock Capt.
Eldridge had his guns at work. The rebels replied throwing shell into our ranks
with great accuracy of range. Our regiment seemed to be favored with more than
their proper share of bursting shells. Several exploded in our ranks; three
horses were killed, but only two men were struck, one being killed instantly.
We were obliged to change our position to get out of range. About 5 P. M. a
charge was ordered, and Gen. Fransworth led the 1st Virginia cavalry; but on
account of the nature of the ground it resulted disastrously. The column was
repulsed by the storm of bullets and iron hail, but a squadron of the 1st Vermont
was more successful in charging on the right, and brought in about thirty prisoners—all
infantry of Longstreet's Corps. We found out what we were contending with.
Fearing that Gen. Kilpatrick would turn his right, Lee had sent up a division
of Infantry to support his cavalry force. By thus harassing his flanks we drew
forces from the center and did not allow him to concentrate all his strength
on one point, as is the favorite plan in his tactics.
We slept near the battle field, and next morning, the 4th of July, we drew
three days rations, and started on a raid to intercept a wagon train. The whole
of us felt in excellent spirits when we heard what had been done the day previous,
and that Lee's army was in full retreat to towards the Potomac. Even a heavy
thunder shower that came up soon after we got on the road did not dampen the
ardor of any in the division. We marched steadily all day, passing through
Emmittsburg, Md., then we took a road leading through a Gap in the Blue Ridge.
It was in this pass Gen. Kilpatrick proposed to celebrate Anniversary of our
Our advance had a slight skirmish with a body of cavalry but drove them out
of Gap, and dark came up with the train. There was another skirmish in which
the artillery participated, but escort in charge of the train made slight resistance,
scattering in all directions through the woods. Our cavalry charged down the
road for miles halting the teams whilst dismounted men skirmished in the woods
on either side. At daybreak we ascertained that 200 wagons, of all descriptions,
with 1,870 prisoners, two pieces of cannon, caissons, &c., were the fruit
of our night's work. Next day we rested at Smithsburg, where we were attacked,
or at least shelled, by a rebel battery. But our guns soon silenced theirs,
and before sundown we took up our line of march for Boonsbore, Md. Marched
nearly all night. On Monday the 6th of July, moved on to Hagerstown, where
we found quite a force of the enemy. Their battery opened on us on entering
the town, but did no damage. Our artillery soon replied, and the Carbineers
were dismounted to skirmish with the rebel Sharpshooters. They were infantry
armed with Minie rifles and it seemed impossible to dislodge them or drive
them from the town. The 18th Penn. cavalry charged through the town and took
several prisoners from their line
of skirmishers. They had, on first entering the town, captured Col. Davis who
was commanding a brigade of cavalry, and was opposed to our division in the
fight at Hunterstown, night of the 1st of July.—He acknowledged they
were badly handled at that point.
We held one side of the town till nearly sundown, when Gen, K. withdrew the
greater portion of his command greater portion of his command to reinforce
Buford who had engaged Imboden's forces and was shelling a large train of wagons
near Williamsport. Our brigade with two pieces of artillery were left to keep
the forces at H. in check; and at the same time fall back to the main body.
Johnny Reb." took advantage of this state of affairs, and followed us
up closely. Our regiment supported the battery, and their cavalry charged with
the intention of capturing the cannon. The cannon was loaded with double charges
of canister and the rebel cavalry were repulsed with heavy loss. They fought
with desperation, one of their number succeeded in reaching the gun, to get
knocked from his horse by the swab in the hands of our cannonier. All this
time their infantry were coming up in overwhelming numbers, on a double quick.
For a short time the prospect was gloomy in the extreme. Their Infantry were
posted behind trees and stone walls, the skirmishers being up with their cavalry.
However, we succeeded in joining Buford about dusk. Our loss for the small
number engaged was quite heavy.—Capt. Lucas and six men from company
F, are among the missing. Their names are, Thomas Donlon, George Wells, Nicholas
Lzahter,—all Wyoming County boys. Brooks, Devanoe, and Lewis,—from
New York city. Tuesday, the 7th, we rested at Boonsboro; the first day in seven
without firing a shot. About noon next day we were attacked by Stewart's Cavalry
and a force of mounted infantry. Our artillery took position on a ridge half
a mile from town, and for two hours the cannonading was brisk. All our Carbineers
fought dismounted as skirmishers, and before sundown, your humble servant,
with other skirmishers had the satisfaction of chasing them off the field.
Some, in their haste, left their guns behind.
On the 11th we skirmished with Stewart's cavalry, near Hagerstown. On the
12th drove them out of the town, inside their rifle pits, on the Williamsport
road. The 12th and 13th passed with no fighting except in the skirmish line.
The morning of the 14th found the Rebel army on the other side of the Potomac,
except a rear guard at Falling Waters, consisting of three brigades of infantry
of A. P. Hill's Corps. Our brigade picked up many straggling greybacks, minus
shoes as well as respect for the confederate humbug for which they had fought.
At Falling Waters the 2nd brigade of our division charged on their breastworks,
and drove the rebels with the loss of 103 killed and 900 prisoners. We passed
the latter on the road to Harper's Ferry, and one of them remarked to me "you
are beginning to do something for your country." In fact our Infantry
acknowledge that Cavalry is now worth something. In the past three weeks our
division has captured more than its number of rebel prisoners. The sarcastic
remark attributed to Gen. Hooker, "Who ever saw a dead cavalry man," is
heard no more. At Falling Waters twenty-eight brave men fell on our side. But
it was a glorious death to die.
As ever, yours for the Union, J. W. J.
WARSAW, SEPTEMBER 2, 1863.
OUR ARMY CORRESPONDENCE.
FROM THE 5TH N. Y. CAVALRY.
CAMP AT GOLD MINE,
NEAR UNITED STATES FORD,
Stafford Co., Va., August 20, 1863.
EDITOR MIRROR—Dear Sir:—By the heading of this letter you can form
some idea of our present whereabouts. We are in the gold region of Virginia.
But a few rods from our camp is the quartz mill with its huge chimney, boilers
and engine, its stampers and rollers for crushing the rock and all the aparatus
for separating the gold that was too ponderous for soldiers to carry of or
appropriate. The works were owned by New York City and Boston men,—Morgan
of N. Y., and Kelly of Boston being the principal owners. Citizens tell us
there has been "a heap of gold taken from this mine," and that at
one time it "paid right smart." At present the shafts are caving
in and all going to ruin. We go out "prospecting" most every day.
My best luck was at a Miner's house, where I succeeded in purchasing some samples
of gold-bearing quartz, to send home. Our duty consists in picketing the ford
for several miles up and down the river. It is not dangerous duty as the pickets
do not fire on each other; in fact they are on very friendly terms, often swimming
across and exchanging coffee for tobacco, and holding short confabs on the
state of affairs. The rebel officers do not relish this; they fear disaffection
and desertion will follow. Their soldiers complain of poor fare, short of rations,
clothing, &c., own they were badly whipped at Gettysburg. They are heartily
sick and tired of the war, would be glad to have peace on any terms.
The weather is very warm. We have no thermometer to measure the heat, but on
many days I judge the mercury would indicate upwards of 90 degrees in the shade.—There
is plenty of good water in this section,—springs of pure, sparkling water,
with occasionally a Sulphur or a Mineral Spring, good for invalids though not
pleasant to the taste. While at Warrenton Junction for a short time, we were
not allowed to drink from the wells where certain Brigadier Generals had their
headquarters, and the few springs or holes in the sand kept low by constant
dipping could not supply the demand. Guards were placed on the wells with orders
not to let any water be drawn, except for the General and Staff. This may be
perfectly right, but many with no stars on their shoulders, could not see it
in that light and protested strongly against the outrage. Why sho'd half a
dozen men monopolize a well and compel several hundred to depend for their
supply on one little hole in the sand thro' which muddy water dribbled slowly!
Some of the boys, with a dog in-the-manger-like spirit vowed if they could
not use the water, no one else should, and had we staid another day in that
vicinity some dead animal of the feline or canine order would have found a
final resting place in the bottom of one well.
Lt. Tolles has received a letter from Capt. Lucas, who accounts for the missing
boys of Co. F, as prisoners with himself in Richmond. Lt. T. wrote a letter
in answer, which Sergeant Nourse carried to the rebel pickets across the river,
There is no excitement except an occasional shot at our pickets by bushwackers.
Last night a shot was fired—the patrol turned out and found the picket
near his post, his horse shot through the neck, the man unhurt. On examination
found the hair badly singed around where the ball entered. A query arose, how
far could the muzzle of the pistol have been from horse's neck, and did the
picket shoot his horse? One of Co. H's men was shot by a comrad who he was
about to relieve. In the darkness he took him for a rebel and fired. The ball
entered the neck and passed out at the shoulder making a bad wound. The sentry
could not be blamed under the circumstances. My sheet is full so no more at
present. J. W. J.
From the Army of the Potomac. In CAMP, NEAR GAINESVILLE, VA., Tuesday, October
27, 1863--11:40 A.M.
MY DEAR FATHER: Yours of the 23d came to hand on Monday, and I was glad to
hear from home. I think our regiment has had its share of the fighting for
the last two months with General Kilpatrick, though I can't say it has amounted
to much, as we fight get driven back by the Rebels one day, and the next day
we fight, lick and drive back the rebels; and that is about the amount of what
we have been doing for the last two months, and are likely to do for the residue
of the campaign, unless our depleted regiments are filled up. Why don't our
state send off drafted men to take the place of those who have been doing up
the fighting for upwards of two years, and kept the rebels from capturing Washington,
New York &c. and establishing their salve market in Fanueil Hall and dictating
peace to the north from the top of Bunker Hill monument, as they threatened
to do? Upwards of eight months have now passed since Congress passed the law
to have drafted men to take the places of those whose time of service had expired,
or who had fell in the service of their country in putting down this wicked
rebellion, and as yet scarcely any of the conscripts have joined the army,
and most of those who have are unarmed and undisciplined.
We shall never lick the Rebels and end this war till we have more men, as,
while waging war in Rebellion the enemy being at home, if we have ten thousand
men to cope with their ten thousand, as soon as they know how many men we have
they concentrate their men so as to outnumber us; and thus we have always to
content against superior numbers, whereas, if our regiments were kept filled
up when we gained a victory we could drive the advantage of it by following
it up before the Rebels were reinforced.
It is not Captain McMullen, of our regiment, that was wounded, but Corporal
McMullen of Company F; he has been taken prisoner twice, and wounded three
times at Hagerstown, Md. General Hatch promoted him to a Corporal in the first
fight our regiment was in, for being so cool and doing such good fighting,
and he would have been promoted to a commissioned officer, but being too modest,
he did not aspire to anything beyond a noncommissioned officer's berth; I presume
he will now be made Orderly Sergeant.
One of our Lieutenants was riding out some distance from camp, the other day,
and was taken prisoner by a party of Moseby's men. He rode a considerable distance
with them, when, seeing a chance of getting away as he thought, he dropped
off his cap, and while turning around to pick it up he drew a revolver out
of his boot leg, where he had it concealed, shot the fellow dead that was on
one side of him, wounded the one on the other side, put spurs to his horse
and dashed off at full speed. The rest of Moseby's gang hearing the firing,
came un in time to hit the Lieutenant six times with bullets, but he kept on
and succeeded in making his escape. He is now in the hospital, and, likely
to survive, as none of his wounds are considered dangerous. His name is Boice
(Company A of our regiment--Fifth New York Cavalry).
I am very sorry to hear of the death of my friend, Dr. John Nicoll. You tell
me he had been in a military hospital on Long Island, and I presume it was
there he contracted that disease (the typhoid fever) which has taken off so
many of our young soldiers since the commencement of the War.
I have not seen Neddie Roe for several days past, as his regiment (Harris Light)
is now some distance from ours.
The nights and mornings are very cold; at least I find them so when out on
picket. I rather think our fighting is pretty much done up for this fall, as
the roads are getting very bad, &c.
Yours, &c. GEO. C. MORTON,
Capt. Fifth N. Y. Cavalry.
Letter from the 5th Cavalry.
STENSBURG, VA., Dec, 6, 1863.
ED. MIRROR:—We are safely back again in our old camp which we left on
the morning of the 20th November to participate in the forward movement of
the Army of the Potomac. You have already been apprised of this movement and
its results through other sources.
Our brigade moved at early dawn to Raccoon Ford on the Rapidan river, being
greeted with shells from the rebel batteries posted in earthworks on the opposite
bank. Their practice was excellent; many shells striking in and near the column
as we moved up the river, but strange to say no damage was done. On arriving
near the ford, our battery took a position, and an artillery duel at long range
ensued, the rebel battery having the advantage of an elevated position, protected
by earthworks. We bivouacked at night in a swamp out of range of the enemy's
guns. Next morning found the rifle pits vacated, and our regiment with the
2nd N. Y., were pushed across to make a reconnoisance.—We had not advanced
far beyond their entrenchments before brisk skirmishing commenced, and a heavy
column, (which proved to be Maj. Gen. Lee's division of cavalry,) was reported
as advancing with a strong skirmish line thrown out. After skirmishing a short
time with their advance, we were withdrawn to the north side of the river and
stationed in and around the deserted dwellinghouses lining its bank, so as
to command the ford and its approaches. Their battery threw a few shell but
was soon silenced by the three-inch rifled pieces of Battery E, 4th Regulars,
attached to our brigade. Towards evening about fifty dismounted men made a
charge for the purpose of obtaining possession of their rifle-pits; but they
were greeted with such volleys from our Spencer Rifles as to cause them to
retreat in confusion. Only four reached the pits and one of these fell in heels
over head a victim to his rashness. We kept up a continual skirmishing thro'
the daytime, and if a "Johnny Reb" showed his head within eight hundred
yards, a dozen rifles would speak and as many leaden missives fly towards him.
Occasionally when they were very quiet, a squad of 25 or 30 would cross to
see if they were there, and stir them up. Their battery tried twice to dislodge
us from the houses, but the boys had no idea of leaving the warm fire-sides
which so much reminded them of home, notwithstanding the shells played all
sorts of antics in the garden and dooryards. Not one of us received a scratch,
though many were the narrow escapes we had from "hospitable guns on Virginia's
sacred soil." "Your humble servant" went down to the river to
wash his hands, when a bullet from the pines struck the bank, throwing the
mud into his face and eyes, causing a retrogade movement to the old carpenter
shop, while uttering hard words against the rebels who would not allow him
to fulfil the doctrine of the Pharisees, viz: wash his hands before setting
down to supper. But as a Yank remarked at that time;--Them little bullets are
nothing. It's only when them 'ere big shell come a-sarchin' around after a
feller, that makes one feels skeery.
Our regiment--on Saturday, Nov. 8th, distinguished itself, in taking possession
of this town, (if a few deserted houses with huge chimneys attached can be
called a town). Acting as dismounted skirmishers in the advance of the brigade,
succeeded driving the enemy's skirmishers to their battery and their guns from
a strong position from which they were shelling the column as it emerged the
woods.— One of their regiments attempted to make a sabre charge, but
were repulsed with the loss of several in killed and wounded. They carried
off some of these in ambulances, but left a lot to be buried on field. Our
boys kept up a running fight with the enemy's rear. Three times Gen. Davies
sent orders for them to halt, as he only had orders to take and hold the town;
but it was dusk before they would give up chase. Gen. Kilpatrick, Gen. Davies
and other officers who saw the affair, said it was the most brilliant dismounted
cavalry fight of the War. Our loss was confined entirely to horses. The cavalry
opposed to us was Hampton's division, and greatly outnumbered us. We now occupy
their old camp.
The nights are cold and frosty—days pleasant for December. The roads
are in excellent condition. Yesterday we had soft bread and dried apples issued
to our regiment,—luxuries which we are generally strangers to. May we
receive more such.. J. W. J.
STEVENSBURG, VA., March 7th 1864.
MR. EDITOR—SIR:—As I have a few leisure moments I thought I would
pen a short sketch for your columns; but as it is my first experience in writing
I trust that my readers will not complain of its dryness. In first would speak
of the weather which is quite favorable for army operations. The old settlers
of this country say they never saw the equal of the past winter, and early
spring, including pleasant weather, and good roads, it is not at all unpleasant
for soldiers, who enjoy it to the utmost. Our troops are more healthy than
usual, and every thing wears the aspect of prosperity to our army. Thus we
are encouraged and look forward to a day, (which we trust is not far distant)
when we shall again hail the words, "Peace and Liberty," as they
shall pass with lightning speed from mouth to mouth, and shall resound throughout
our once happy Union. But I have already deviated from my subject, as I only
intended to speak of a few passing incidents. On the 28th of February, a large
scouting party of picked cavalry men, left our camp under command of the noted
hero, Gen. Kilpatrick.— He marched in the direction of Richmond with
the full intent to destroy the city if it were a possible thing, and also to
liberate our men, which they hold as prisoners, and who are suffering for the
need of many necessary things. It would have been a grand thing had Kilpatrick
succeeded in liberating our poor boys, but the enemy had, by some means, learned
of the rapid approach of our forces, and were thus prepared to defend their
city. Our cavalry had marched too far and too rapidly to be in trim for a fight.
As they drew rein within a few miles the noted rebel city, Kilpatrick deemed
it best to join Gen. Butler's forces, after destroying much property. Gen.
Custer with another detachment of cavalry, numbering 1,900 operated on our
right with great success, capturing over 500 horses, besides a goodly number
of contrabands, near Charlottsville. He charged into a rebel camp which he
burned, blew up six caisons, &c. In other places he destroyed much property,
burned one large mill, with a great quantity of the necessaries of life which
it contained. When Gen. Custar turned his forces to return from his expedition,
he found that he was cut off by Gen. Stewart with a force of 2,000 cavalry.
As there was no other way but to go ahead he did not hesitate long, but charged
the enemy, in which he was successful. By the way, 500 of his number had returned
to our lines the night before, so had but 1,000 which to charge 2,000, which
he successfully did, as I mentioned above, and he returned to camp without
the loss of a man and but few wounded.
Yours, with respect,
W. C. M.
5th N.Y. Cavalry Vol.
The Two Armies Face to Face.
Special Despatch to the Now York Tribune.
UNION MILLS, Va., May 6—9 P. M.
The Grand Army ot the Potomac crossed the Rapidan on Wednesday.
The Second Corps moved on Tuesday to the Mills, opposite Ely's Ford. On Wednesday
morning, at 4 o'clock, the cavalry crossed and drove the Rebel pickets from
opposite the Heights, meeting no opposition. A position was gained and the
Corps moved at 7 o'clock, taking the road to Chancellorsville, at which place
Gen. Hancock would establish his headquarters. The Fifth and Sixth Corps crossed
at Germania Ford during the day, taking the road to the wilderness. On Wednesday
night Gen. Warren's headquarters were at the wilderness, with Gen. Sedgwick
on his right and the general headquarters at Germania Ford.
On Thursday morning the Rebels pressed our pickets and appeared to be in strong
force on our right.
The Fifth New York Cavalry, skirmishing on the Orange Court House road, near
Perkin's Tavern, were driven in with severe loss, leaving many wounded on the
Gen. Griffith's Division was marched forward on our right at 11 o'clock to
feel the enemy's position, and were met by the Rebel Gen. A. P. Hill, supported
by Gen. Ewell. A severe action took place, in which we captured three hundred
prisoners, though it is reported we lost two guns.
Meantime General Hancock marched his corps to the right to connect with Warren,
and had partly got into position, his left resting on or near Chancellorsville,
when he was attacked by Longstreet's full Corps and a part of Ewell's. General
Hancock, with the assistance of Getty's Division of the Sixth Corps, held his
position under a musketry fire of two and a half hours' duration, in which
his command suffered severely, and in return inflicted much injury on the Rebels.
Other developments showed Lee to have his full force on our front.
This knowledge of his position was highly important, and was obtained only
by the greatest skill in handling our troops.
It not being the purpose of General Meade to advance on the enemy, he ordered
the line of battle to be held until morning. The position of our troops on
Thursday night was parallel with, and a little in advance of, the road to Germania
Ford and Chancellorsville—the two flanks resting on those points, and
General Headquarters at the Wilderness. Meanwhile, in the afternoon the advance
of the Ninth Corps crossed Germania Ford, taking position on our right flank.
General Burnside's rear arrived this A. M.
It was understood that a general attack was to be made this morning, and heavy
firing had commenced when I left at five o'clock. Heavy cannonading was heard
when I passed Kelly's Ford at nine o'clock, which leads me to believe that
we have driven them to their defences. No heavy guns could be brought into
action on the former position. There ought to be no doubt that there has been
a grand victory, as Meade showed his strength yesterday, by a stubborn and
gallant defence, without using half the command that he has undoubtedly brought
into action to-day. The troops are in a high state of enthusiasm.
Special to the New York Times.
NEW YORK, May 7.
Reliable intelligence from the Shenandoah, represents it entirety clear of
Transports are loading at Alexandria for Urbana, on the Rappahannock, one of
the future bases of supplies.
Orange and Alexandria rail road has been abandoned above Union Mills Station,
and all the Government brought to Alexandria.
(5th Cavalry, Oswego Times, June 16, 1864.)
NEAR HANOVERTOWN, VA.
May 31, 1864
FRIEND SMYTH: Thinking that your readers would like to know how the old Fifth
has fared during the recent battles, I thought I would improve a little spare
time by giving you a brief sketch of their operations since the fourth of May.
At that time they moved with their Division to Germania Ford, on the Rapidan,
where the crossing was effected with little resistance on the part of the enemy,
who made but little resistance to the advance of our troops during the day.
The next morning the regiment was left at a place on the Fredericksburg and
Gordonsville road, called Parkhunt's Store, which point they were ordered to
hold until the infantry came up, (it was here that the great battle of the
Wilderness began), very soon after the rest of the Division had gone, our pickets
were driven in by a brigade of rebel infantry, the regiment under command of
Lieut. Col. John Hammond, then began to fall back towards our infantry, disputing
every inch of the ground, only giving ground as they were forced to it by the
superior numbers of the enemy. For five hours they held the enemy in check
until our infantry came up and relieved them. Col. Hammond, and also the regiment,
were complimented by Gen. Meade for their conduct on the occasion, and were
assigned to duty at Army Headquarters. Thus for the time being detached from
the cavalry corps. When Gen. Sheridan went on his great raid in the rear of
Lee's army, the regiment was not ordered out for several days after the fight
in the Wilderness. The regiment did not have much fighting to do, but when
the army moved towards Spottsylvania Court House, they took the front again,
and since that time have been continually in the front.—This morning
they go to Atlay's Station about five miles from Richmond, and while I write
I can hear the guns of the fifth corps banging away not far from Mechanicsville,
and I dare say that there is a little excitement in the Rebel Capitol about
this time, on account of its being so unpleasantly near. It is amusing to see
the Darkies on the route we have passed over, they join us in squads of from
three to four to perhaps twenty-five or thirty, with bundles large enough to
make a respectable load for a pack mule, on their heads.
They all concur in the opinion that the rebels are "DONE GONE FOR NOW," an
expression which means very much the same in Southern phraseoloegy as "played
out" does with the Yankees.
I enclose the following list of casualities, which are all that I could obtain
at present, as I am not on duty with the regiment and seldom meet them, having
been detached for upwards of a month past, the list was given me by the Chaplain
Capt. Luke McGuinn, wounded and prisoner; Capt. James Bryant, prisoner;
Anson Jones, Co. A, wounded left arm badly; Amos Brown, Co. A, left thigh;
Luther Jones, Co. A, killed; ____ Nelson, Co. A, wounded; J. A. Fowler, Co.
B, right hand; Anson G. Chafee, Co. B, head, slightly; Chas. Chesterfield,
Co. B, left leg, severely; J. Lewis, Co. B, shoulder; Geo. Hickock, Co. C,
right cheek; W. Greenwood, Co. C, body bad; E. Rousug, Co. C, slight; J. Quinn,
Co. D, left arm bad; Samuel W. Sortore, Co. E, killed; Wm. Galpin, Co. F, wounded
head slight; E. Rodgers, Co. F, left thigh; F. Rail, Co. F, killed; S. P. Rhinevault,
Co. G, killed; H. Winfoeld, Co. G, killed; J. Vandermark, Co. G, killed; N.
H. Weston, Co. G, wounded right foot; A. H. Mead, Co. H, left shoulder; J.
Redman, Co, H, left thigh slight; L. Frimey, Co. H, thigh slight; W. Lampson,
Co. H, slight; B. F. Nashburn, Co. H, slight; N. A. Oakes, Co. H, right thigh;
J. Barry, Co. I, left shoulder; J. Mann, Co. I, killed; J. Lovejoy, Co. I,
killed; J. W. Slyhe, Co. K, wounded mouth; F. Hecker, Co. K, right shoulder;
Antony Cross, Co. L, right arm; ____ Earl, Co. L, killed; P. Miner, Co. I,
wounded thumb; A. Wight, Co. C, slight; J. C. Reynolds, Co. M, face and right
shoulder; H. Morris, Co, M, right shoulder; M. Depue, Co. M, wrist; W. Runney,
Co. L, killed; C. Shepard, Co. M, wounded right foot. Yours truly,
A. H. KROM.
From the Shanandoeh Valley.
CAMP NEAR WINCHESTER, Va.,
November 14, 1864.
To the Editor of the Journal:
We had another fight with the Rebels on Saturday the 12th inst., when, as of
late, we routed and drove them some miles. My batallion being in the advance,
came very near being cut off, but we managed to get through the Rebels and
returned all safe to camp. The reporters will give a detailed account of the
fight under General Custer. The cavalry seem to have their full share of the
fighting since they have been with General Sheridan under Custer. On Sunday
we went twelve miles up the Valley, but meeting with no Rebels returned to
camp where I found the long expected box containing my India rubber boots,
blankets, etc., which I can tell you were very acceptable, and will be very
useful during such cold and rainy weather as we are having. I hear we are going
to have a first rate "feed" Thanksgiving day on Northern Yankees,--Yankee
pumkin pies, etc., etc. This is something like. It shows that our friends at
home think of those that are in the field fighting their battles, and I've
no doubt they will enjoy their Thanksgiving dinner at home much more when they
think that their children, husbands, and friends, are eating roast Yankee turkies,
pies, etc., in the field instead of "hard tack" and salt pork, and
we will remember and think of them I assure you. Since it has been decided
that "Uncle Abe" is to be our commander-in-Chief for another term,
we all feel confident that the rebellion will shortly be put an end to, and
we shall all hands be able to give up fighting and return home under a government
where there will no longer be as there now is, thousands and thousands of white
slaves as white as their masters, the children and grand children of their
own masters, who, if they do not submit to be treated and sold as slaves, are
hunted in the mountains with guns and bloodhounds like wild beasts, and shot
down like wolves. A very fine institution this slavery when it leads to such
results. Don't you think it is high time it should be put down?
I remain yours, etc.,
Captain of 5th N. Y., Cvl'ay comd'ng 3d Batallion.
Fifth Cavalry—John Levin, D; Amos B. Smith, B; Jas. Lewis, B; Jas. Berry,
J; John C. Reynolds, M; Frederick S. Hecker, K; Sergt. Anthony Cross, L.
One Hundred and Fifty-second—2d Lieut. S. Holden, H; 1st Lieut. J. C.
Freeman, C; James Robison, C.
Miscellaneous - Harvey Hinton, C, 57th; Lieut. J. Brown, 157th, leg; A. B.
Farrell, 94th, foot; A. S. Howard, F, 152d; J. McCabe, I, 57th; Jerome Ostrom,
K, 24th; Daniel Woods, D, 57th.
CHARGE AGAINST AN OFFICER.—
Lieut. R. E. SPINK, late of the Ira Harris cavalry, has been held to bail in
the sum of $2,000 by U. S. Commissioner BOYCE, at Utica, to answer the charge
of having presented false vouchers to the Government. Lieut. Spink is a resident
of this city. He always bore an excellent character here, and we believe
it will be found that there is some mistake in the present charges against
him. His previous character is a strong presumption in favor of his innocence.
For some time past, there has been a secret office established in this city,
under the direction of Col. Olcott, for ferreting out and exposing frauds of
any and every kind against the Government. It was in this office that the charges
against General Blenker and Colonel D'Utasey were made out. Beside the charges
at present made against Kohnstam, there are a number against Col. De Forrest,
5th N. Y. Cavalry, for defrauding the government in the purchase of horses,
arms, &c. An investigation is also pending relative to certain claims disbursed
to a Major-General now in the field, which promises something interesting—Sun.
ARRIVAL OF REBEL PRISONERS.—Captain Oliver Cotter and Lieutenant Smith,
5th N. Y. V. Artillery, with 600 rebel prisoners of war, has just arrived at
the Battery, New York, from Baltimore, on their way to David's Island. A detachment
of Captain Cotter's company compose the guard.
DESERVED MENTION.—The following, from the Constitution, published at
Keokuk, Iowa, will be endorsed by the many friends of Captain O'Connor in Newburgh:
T. L. O'Connor, Captain commanding Company K, Fifth New York Cavalry, and late
Provost Marshall, Fairfax Court House, Va., arrived here yesterday morning
on a brief visit, from the Army of the Potomac, he having been absent from
his home five years. He embarked in the service immediately after the rebellion
broke out, and since then has performed great and arduous duties, engaged in
thirty battles and twenty-five skirmishes of a stern nature. He, during the
winter of 1862, took the position of a Quartermaster and Commissary for the
division of cavalry to which he was attached, then at Chantilly, Centreville
and Manassas, and acquitted himself handsomely and honorably. The Captain has
hosts of friends in this city who will be rejoiced to see him, and welcome
him back to his home.
HARRY L. STONE, of Moriah, son of W. H. Stone, Esq., has been appointed Captain
in the U. S. C. Troops 22d Reg't now in camp at
Captain Stone, though not yet seventeen years of age, enlisted with
Captain Hammond of Crown Point, at the organization of the 5th N. Y.
Cavalry, was afterwards transferred to the personal staff of Gen. Burnside,
and was with him at the entry into Knoxville, Tenn.—Essex Co. Paper.
This brave young officer will be remembered as a school-boy in this village
on the breaking out of the war, when he evinced an irresistible determination
to enter the service. He has doubless well-earned his present position.
OBITUARY.—Capt. Augustus Barker, of the 5th New York Volunteer Cavalry,
died near Kelly's Ford, on the 18th of September last, in the twenty-second
year of his age. On the 16th his regiment had moved from Hartwood
Church and crossed to the Southern side of the Rappahannock. Capt. Barker was
left behind in charge of the troops picketing the river, and on the 17th, while
on the march to rejoin his regiment, as he was riding with a single man some
distance in front of the column, he was fired upon by guerrillas concealed
in the adjoining wood. Two balls took effect, one in the right side and the
other in the left breast, each inflicting a mortal wound. He was immediately
carried to the house of Mr. Harris Freeman, near Mount Holly Church, about
one mile from the Ford. From this gentleman and his family the dying soldier
received the most tender attentions. Everything in their power was done to
alleviate his sufferings, but he survived his wounds only twelve hours.
Captain Barker was the youngest son of William H. Barker, Esq., and a grandson
of the late William James, of this city. He was beloved by his comrades, as
by all who knew him for the manliness of his character and the generosity of
his disposition. His promotion was the just reward of his good conduct and
honorable service. His valor and patriotism had been tried in many battles,
and by the more dreadful horrors of Richmond prisons. He surveyed all these
to perish, in the flower of his youth, by the hands of rebel assassins. Capt.
Barker's funeral will take place this afternoon, at 3 o'clock, from St. Peter's
DEATH OF CAPT. AUGUSTUS BARKER.—Capt. Augustus Barker, of the 5th New
York Volunteer Cavalry, died near Kelley's Ford, on the 18th of September last,
in the twenty-second year of his age. On the 16th, his regiment had moved from
Hartwood Church, and crossed to the southern side of the Rappahannock. Capt.
Barker was left behind, in charge of the troops picketing the river, and on
the 17th, while on the march to rejoin his regiment, as he was riding with
a single man, some distance in front of the column, he was fired upon by guerillas
concealed in the adjoining wood. Two balls took effect, one in the right side
and the other in the left breast, each inflicting a mortal wound. He was immediately
carried to the house of Mr. Harris Freeman, near Mount Holly Church, about
one mile from the Ford. From this gentleman and his family the dying soldier
received the most tender attentions. Everything in their power was done to
alleviate his sufferings, but he survived his wounds only twelve hours.
Capt. Barker was the youngest son of Wm. H. Barker, Esq., and a grandson of
the late William James, of this city. He was beloved by his comrades, as by
all who knew him, for the manliness of his character and the generosity of
his disposition. His promotion was the just reward of good conduct and honorable
service. His valor and patriotism had been tried in many battles, and by the
more dreadful horrors of Richmond prisons. He survived all these to perish
in the flower of his youth, by the hands of rebel assassins. Capt. Barker's
funeral will take place this (Saturday) afternoon, at 5 o'-clock, from St.
About Home Matters.
The late Capt. Samuel Ten Broeck.
The flags of the city were placed at half-mast on Monday, at the sad intelligence
of the death of Capt. SAMUEL TEN BROECK, of the 5th N. Y.
Cavalry, who died at his residence in Livingston on the 4th inst.
Capt. Ten Broeck entered the service in October, 1861, as a Lieutenant in the
5th N. Y. Cavalry; and about a year ago was promoted to the position of Captain,
in place of James P. Foster, promoted to Major in the 128th.
He was a brave officer, and was in high favor in the service. Many delicate
and important trusts have, during his term of service, been confided
to him by his superior officers.
For some months threatened by a disease contracted in the line of his duty,
his self-sacrificing devotion to the cause of his country would not allow him
to leave his position in the field, which he left only in season to find a
death-bed in the bosom of his family.
He leaves a widow and two small children, and hosts of sorrowing friends, to
mourn his loss. His funeral took place last Tuesday, and was very largely attended.
We may truly say that the ceremonies "Were not rites of inexpressive show,
But hallowed as the types of real woe."
Capt. Samuel Ten Broeck.—Another Union sacrifice to the Moloch of unhallowed
DIED—In the 37th year of his age, at his residence in Livingston, on
the 4th inst., Samual Ten Broeck, Captain of Company M, 5th New York Cavalry,
Col. O. DeForrest, commanding.
Capt. Ten Broeck was one of nature's noblemen--one of the very few so happily
constituted that he had no enemies, but many ardent friends; his nature was
so genial, his benevolence so expansive, his affections so enthusiastic, that
as a husband, parent, brother, friend, his loss is irreparable, and therefore
deeply and widely mourned.
As a Masonic brother his heart and hand were in all charitable offices, and
the tear of sorrow has been often hushed from the orphan's eye. As a companion
the light of many a social circle has been dimmed; as a husband, father and
friend his voice of cheerful kindness is hushed forever to leave a sad and
Capt. Ten Broeck was widely known and valued in Columbia County as a judicious
and public spirited citizen, having served as a member in its Board of Supervisors
with marked ability, and as a member of the Assembly from its 2d District in
But his brightest phrase .... unswerving patriotism which shone forth brilliantly
on the first booming of rebellion's cannon upon the Stars and Stripes at Fort
Sumter.--Descended from a stock who were among the first settlers of this country,
and whose swords leaped gallantly from their scabbards in the trials of 1776,
his soul burned with native fire to resent the impious insult to our flag,
and he early volunteered in the New York Cavalry
Corps, where amidst other active services he endured such excessive exposure
and fatigue while following his admirable leader three weeks in the saddle,
almost without intermission, that he was sent on a furlough to his home a victim
of severe typhoid fever; and after partial recovery, urged on by an over anxiety
to be with his regiment and in the service of his country, returned too soon
to the scene of conflict, and still too weak to follow in the train of his
intrepid commander, was entrusted with the command of his camp, until borne
down by insidious disease, he came home on a thirty days' furlough to recover,
if possible, yet so spent that in three days after his arrival, surrounded
by his loved ones, and in his own house, that manly spirit took its flight.
Farewell, dear captain, out National day of jubilee was a fitting one for the
death of so devoted a patriot. Livingston.
Winchester, Va., July 19, 1865.
Hon. R. E. Fenton:
I have the honor to inform you that the Fifth New York Cavalry have been mustered
out of service, and left this army for Hart's Island, New York, to-day, per
A. T. A. Torbert, Major-Gen'l.
The following was donated by Patty Smith of Needham, MA
PRESENTATION OF A HORSE TO COL. O. D. DE FOREST OF THE IRA HARRIS GUARDS.
The friends of Col. De Forest met yesterday in front of his dwelling, No. 97
East Forty-ninth street, and presented him with a very acceptable token of
their appreciation of him as an officer, and also of his unequaled efforts
in raising the brigade to which he is attached. The present was a splendid
light dappled gray stallion, well known as the "Gen. Jackson" of
Cherry Valley. He is seven years old, a noble animal, and was purchased specially
for his new owner. About 1,500 men of the brigade almost entirely from the
country, fully uniformed, and preceded by their own splendid band of 28 pieces,
were drawn up in front of the block in which Col. De Forest resides, the
intended present held by a groom, being immediately in front. The Hon. D.
B. Taylor then stepped out upon the front steps of the building and formally
presented to the Colonel, who was standing by his side, the donation, accompanied
by the following remarks:
COL. DE FOREST—The kind partiality of your immediate friends and neighbors
have imposed upon me the pleasing duty of presenting to you in their name something
which shall be calculated to keep their memories ripe with you in the midst
of the excitements and dangers to which you have so gallantly dedicated your
immediate future. When you first announced your determination to "play
your part," in the first great struggle for the existence and maintenance
of our country in all its integrity, no one in the wide circle of your acquaintance
doubted the cool determination of your mind, and the steadfast and iron-will
of your nature, but amid the many rival patriotic gladiators of the day whose
very souls seemed all in arms, it was not thought possible for you to exceed
a regiment down to the lowest notch in numbers, if per very chance more than
a full-fledged company; but now, to our greatest joy, we behold you at the
head of many regiments, a brigade. This you will in a few short days lead into
a battle-field such as the good people of this heretofore favored land would
give all but their country's life to avoid. But the sad fiat has gone forth--it
is a struggle between our country's existence, with all the bright hopes of
returning happiness, and its death with the surest certainty of everlasting
woe and ruin. Terrible is the issue, that we must contemplate it solely with
the stern eye of philosophy, and that, too, quickly. Our independence was achieved
by precious blood and ..., the same consideration can it now only be preserved.
It seems that the tree of liberty must be nourished by the blood if its subjects;
to this conclusion, however sad, must every honest conviction turn. You, Sir,
will soon lead your column to its position in the long line of battle, and
to bear you proudly on we, whose every pulse beats high with hopes for your
success, place you upon the back of this field horse, and pray that the God
of Battles may hold the rein, until victory shall be proclaimed throughout
our whole country. Should Providence, in its inscrutable wisdom, cause you
to perish in the great conflict before you, we feel a holy assurance that you
will fall with your face to the heavens, and your feet to the foe. Go on, then;
adieu! but the living God grant that your mission may be fulfilled, and your
glorious and happy return give us cause for a day joyous, far more joyous than
this—let this be the day of hope, that the fulfillment.
Col. De Forest then mounted the horse as the band struck up an appropriate
air, and when the music ceased, evidently with a good deal of emotion, very
happily returned his thanks for the manifestation toward him, and fully pledged
himself that if the God of Battles spared his life he would faithfully fulfill
the wishes of his friends.
After the cheering had ceased, a call was made for Senator Ira Harris of Albany,
after whom the Guards take their name. He soon appeared upon the balcony, and
being presented by Mr. Taylor addressed the officers and soldiers for a few
moments with much feeling, telling them that although he was too far advanced
in life to join them as a soldier, he felt great satisfaction in being able
to send his name. He doubted not it would be seen where rebellion was strongest
and treason most defiant, and he was perfectly willing to trust it in the keeping
of such officers and such men.
A bountiful collation was provided for officers and soldiers and friends, after
which the brigade formed and marched down Fifth avenue and Broadway
To the Battery where they embarked for Camp Scott on Staten Island, where for
the present they are encamped. The 1st and 2d regiments, which are now full,
expect orders to leave soon, and the remainder is rapidly filling up and preparing
for a speedy march. No Brigadier-General is yet appointed for the brigade,
but the friends of Col. De Forest confidently anticipate that his unexampled
exertions and success in raising the brigade will when it is complete, give
him the command.
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the Civil War
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
October 11, 2007