9th Cavalry Regiment
Stoneman's Cavalry; Westfield Cavalry
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed.
Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Left the State: November 26, 1861.
Mustered out: July 17, 1865
Colonel John Beardsley received authority from the State to recruit this regiment;
its organization commenced at Westfield and was completed at Albany. It received
its numerical designation November 23, 1861, and November 27, 1861, a number
of the men enlisted for the United States Lancers, an incomplete organization,
which Col. Joseph Smolinski, under authority from the War Department dated August
7, 1861, endeavored to recruit, were assigned to it as part of Company M. The
companies were mustered in the service of the United States for three years,
between September 9 and December 13, 1861. A small portion of the men, claiming
to have been fraudulently enlisted, were discharged under the orders of the
Secretary of War, dated April 7 and 9, 1862. At the expiration of its term of
service, those entitled thereto were mustered out, and the regiment retained
in service. March 29, 1865, it was consolidated into nine companies, and received
by transfer the battalion of the 4th N. Y. Volunteer Cavalry, as Companies B,
E and L.
The companies were recruited principally: A at LaGrange, Linden, Pavilion, Perry,
Warsaw and Wyoming; B at Little Valley, Ashford, East Otto, Mansfield and Sugar
Grove; C at Jamestown and Westfield; D at Brockton, Smith Mills, Stockton and
Westfield; E at East Randolph, Sherman, Harmony, Clymer and Napoli; F at Albany,
Ashville, Busti, Farmington, Panama, Sugar Grove and Westfield; G at Sheldon,
Java and West-field; H at Castile, Dunkirk, Irvin, Hermitage, LaGrange, Sheldon,
Silver Creek, Warsaw and Wyoming; I at Westfield, Ripley, Mayville and Harbor
Creek, and North East, Pa.; K at Fredonia, Forestville and Cherry Creek; L at
Russell, and M at New York city, Rouse's Point, Troy and Geneva.
The regiment left the State November 26, 1861, and served at Washington, D.
C., from December, 1861. March 9, 1862, Companies C, F, K and M were detached
and distributed in detachments among the batteries of the Reserve Artillery,
with which they served until May 22, 1862; the remaining eight companies performed
during that time duty as train-guard in the Army of the Potomac. In June, 1862,
it having returned from the Peninsula, the regiment was mounted at Washington,
D. C., and assigned to the Cavalry Brigade, 1st Corps, Army Virginia; it served
in the 1st Stahel's Division, nth Corps, from September, 1862; in the 3d Brigade,
Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, from October, 1862; in the Cavalry Brigade,
1st Division, nth Corps, Army of the Potomac, from November, 1862; in the 1st
Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, from February, 1863;
in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May,
1863; in the Army of the Shenandoah, from October, 1864; with the Army of the
Potomac, from March, 1865, and July 17, 1865, commanded by Col. George S. Nichols,
it was honorably discharged and mustered out at Cloud's Mills, Va.
The regiment lost during its service by death, killed
in action, 3 officers, 60 enlisted men; died of wounds received in action, 5
officers, 29 enlisted men; died of disease and other causes, 5 officers, 122
enlisted men; total, 13 officers, 211 enlisted men; aggregate, 224; of whom
16 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
Battles and Casualties Table from
Monument at Gettysburg
9th Regiment Cavalry Regimental Flag
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Bentley, Wilber Gorton. Address delivered at the dedication
of monument of the Ninth New York cavalry regiment, by Col. W. G. Bentley, July
2d, 1883. 15 p.
Buell, Ebenezer. Letters, 1862.
Letters, 1862, from Ebenezer Buell (b. ca. 1828), 9th New York Cavalry, at Bailey’s Crossroads, Warrenton, and Centreville, Virginia, to his wife in Sheridan, Chautauqua County, New York. Subjects include Union and Confederate troop movements, size, and fortifications, going on scouting patrols, descriptions of the area and its desolation, news of Union victories reaching his camp, and weather conditions. Transcriptions of the letters are included.
Accession 40762. Located at the Library of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia.
Thank you to Ed Worman for pointing out this resource.
Crosby, Henry Baxter. Letter, 4 November 1862.
Letter, 4 November 1862, from Henry Baxter Crosby, Haymarket, Virginia, to his brother, Alonzo Crosby, Poland, New York. Topics include troop movements of the 9th New York Cavalry, Company C, and the march to Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Accession 41034. Located at the Library of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia.
Thank you to Ed Worman for pointing out this resource.
"Under the searchlight," address delivered March
5, 1914, before the Commandery of the State of Illinois Military order of the
loyal legion of the United States, by Wilber Gorton Bentley. [Chicago, Libby
co., printers, 1914] (1) p.
"A vindictive peace and reconstruction, a peace of vengeance,"
a letter of protest, read as a paper, January 6, 1921, before the Commandery
of the State of Illinois, Military order of the loyal legion of the United States.
Bradley, Samuel Henry. Samuel Henry Bradley recollections
of army life. Genealogical data. [Olean, 1912] 27 p.
Cheney, Newel. History of the Ninth regiment, New York
volunteer cavalry, War of 1861 to 1865. Compiled from letters, diaries,
recollections and official records, by Newel Cheney, Poland Center, N.Y. Jamestown,
Martin Merz & Son, 1901. 416 p.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military
February 8, 2018