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Chenango County, New York
in the Civil War

The following is taken from Third Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics of the State of New York, Albany: [The Bureau], (C. Wendell), 1866.

When the first bugle note of war sounded from the battered walls of Sumter, the inhabitants of Chenango were plying their peaceful avocations, and enjoying that repose which had so long reigned throughout the land. On the evening of April 13th a telegram startled the town from its propriety, announcing that a United States fortress had been attacked by Americans, led by officers in the livery of our own army. In a few days after, the call of the President for " seventy-five thousand men" was received.

The people of Chenango, with commendable zeal, set at work to fit out a company for the war. Enthusiastic meetings were held in Norwich, the county seat. They were, addressed by Hon. H. G. Prindle, E. H. Prindle, Esq., B. F. Rexford, Esq., Hon. Lewis Kingsley, J. F. Hubbard,, jr., J. O. Martin, and the several clergymen. It was proposed to organize a company, and $6,663 was subscribed to aid the families of those who should enlist. A recruiting office was opened, and in a few das fifty-four men were enrolled. A beautiful silk flag; inscribed "Chenango Volunteers," was presented them, the workmanship of the fair ladies of Nor-wich. A testament was also presented to each volunteer by the Sabbath schools of that village.

On the 29th day of April the company left Norwich, and it was expected that it would be assigned to the Fourteenth New York, Colonel James McQuade. The company proceeded to Albany, and went into quarters at 797 Broadway. Twenty men additional were sent from Chenango, and the several towns of the county were also represented. A company organization was effected by Gen. Rathbone, on the 10th of May, and the following named officers were elected: Captain—James Tyrell; First Lieutenant—Joel O. Martin; Ensign—Elias P. Pellet.

Colonel McQuade's regiment in the meantime having been filled up, this company was assigned to the Seventeenth regiment, Col. Henry S. Lansing, and lettered "H.'' It joined the regiment on the 12th of May.

Company " H" always served with credit to itself and honor to Chenango. It was the first company sent from the county, and its members were among the first in Central New York to offer their services to the Government. Of its original officers, Lieutenant Martin was afterwards colonel of the veteran Seventeenth, and its ensign a captain in the One hundred and Fourteenth. Among its heroic dead we now call to mind sergeant Thomas Clancy and private William H. Williams; the former killed at Fredericksburg, the latter at second, Bull Run. In this last named engagement seven of company H were slain. The people of Oxford donated to this company eighty India-rubber blankets, a comfort then almost unknown to soldiers. Not exceeding twelve of the entire company returned to Norwich. It is worthy of note that when these men entered the army the pay of a soldier was eleven dollars per month and no bounty.

The ladies of Chenango immediately organized " soldier's aid societies" in the several towns, and continued them with great success until the close of the war.

About the 28th of May the same year, some seventy men, mostly Chenango men, enlisted for the Fifth Excelsior regiment (afterwards changed to the Seventh-fourth New York); but a small portion of these were ever mustered into service. Among those of this detachment who served with credit was Robert A. Stanton, afterwards captain, and for a long time ordnance officer of the reserve artillery of the army of the Potomac.

Other men from Chenango were enrolled and joined the several arms of the service but no other organisation was formed until the One Hundred and Fourteenth regiment was raised in the summer of 1862.

Civil War Newspapers
This is also available in PDF format. These are large files; however, they are exact images of the pages.
      Pages 1 - 10
      Pages 11 - 20
      Pages 21 - 23
      Pages 24

Abstract of the Report made to the Surgeon General, relating to Exemptions from Military Service by Dr. A. Willard, Examining Surgeon, for the County of Chenango.

Index to Newspaper Articles from Chenango County periodicals.
Indexed by David Moore.

A PDF version for better printing is here. (3 pages)

An Excel spreadsheet with this data is here.

Chenango American
City: Greene
County: Chenango
Frequency: Weekly
Date
Abstract
1861:06:27 [Letter extr.].  Fr. Lt. Col. [R. Wells] Kenyon, of Troy regt. [2nd N.Y. (Inf.)].  Desc. Battle of Big Bethel (fr. Troy Whig).
1861:06:27 [Ed.].  "Is not Greene capable of raising her quota, and sending a man to join this [44th N.Y. (Inf.)] regiment?  If not, why not?"
1861:06:27 Capt. Baker's company, for Sickles' Brig., has disbanded and come home.  A few have joined companies of the same brig.,  "… in consequence of disatisfaction."

 

Chenango Telegraph
City: Norwich
County: Chenango
Frequency: Weekly
Date
Abstract
1861:04:17 Maj. Eli R. Lyon, of Bainbridge, pr. Lt. Col., 43rd Regt. (S.M.), vice Col. Juliann, promoted.  Adj. A.C. Hyde, of Afton, pr. Maj., vice Lyon, at election held Feb. 22, at Bainbridge.
1861:04:24 Patriotic meeting [4/18 at Norwich], on Sat. [Desc.].  Norwich Military Band played.
1861:04:24 Patriotic meeting at Fayette, in Guilford.  Guilford Saxe Horn Band played.
1861:04:24 Capt. [James] Tyrell [Tyrrell] org. a company in this [Norwich] village, at National Hotel.
1861:04:24 Col. Card, commanding 41st Regt., N.Y.S.M., orders all members to appear at the armory in Norwich, 4/27, armed and equipped.  Proper steps to be fully organized to be fully taken.
1861:04:24 Capt. E.M. Osborne, of the Oxford Artillery has opened an office in Oxford, and form a company of vols.
1861:04:24 [Letter], fr. "Volunteer."  Desc. War excitement in Oxford.
1861:04:24 [Order]. G.O. #13.  N.Y.S.  Adj. General's Office.
1861:05:01 The first co. [Roster], Capt. James Tyrell, left for Utica [Desc.].  Dinner at Sherburne.  A ball at Hamilton.
1861:05:01 A large meeting at Morris.  An Otsego and Chenango regiment to be raised.

 

Chenango Union
City: Norwich
County: Chenango
Frequency: Weekly
Date
Abstract
1861:06:12 Departure of Capt. Baker's co.  On Wed. [6/5?], Capt. Baker took a portion, from this part of Co., to Staten Island.  Joined at Oxford by about 10; 2 or 3 at Greene.  M.C. Griswold and H.H. Bloom remained behind to recruit up to full quota of 83 men.
1861:06:12 Vol. Aid Fund [Subsc. List] aided in expenses of Capt. Baker's co. trip.  To Binghamton, then trained to New York.  Problem with tickets Lt. Bloom procured for 60%.
1861:06:12 [Letter], fr. William Linn Tidball, dated U.S. Van Guard, New York N.Y., 6/1/61.  Asking for recruits.  Wants a lawyer (!?).
1861:06:12 Capt. [James] Tyrell's [Tyrrell] company had two desert; one from Oxford, one from Norwich.  Lt. Pellet in pursuit.  Peter Hill and Isaac Crosby disch.
1861:06:12 Home Guard formed [List of officers].
1861:06:12 Union meeting in Bainbridge last Saturday.

 

Oxford Times
City: Oxford
County: Chenango
Frequency: Weekly
Date
Abstract
1861:04:24 At Utica, 4/19, the 3rd Company Volunteers, commenced receiving names.  35 enrolled by 12 o'clock.
1861:04:24 Impromptu meeting last Saturday at Oxford.  [Desc.].
1861:04:24 Union meeting last Saturday evening at Norwich.  [Desc.].
1861:04:24 We understand that Capt. Terrel [Tyrrell], of Norwich, with his artillery company, has been ordered to Utica to join the regiment being formed there.  He says he will be ready by Monday next.
1861:05:01 Old Chenango awake!  Patriotic meeting last Tuesday [4/23].
1861:05:01 Judge Balcoin, of Binghamton is raising a company of six footers, no less that 150 pounds.
1861:05:01 50-60 volunteers left Norwich, for Utica, under Capt. Tyrrell, Monday [4/29].
1861:05:15 Capt. James Tyrrell has returned to this village from Albany to recruit volunteers to fill his company; 14 men [List] left the following day.
1861:05:15 Another company of riflemen has been formed in this county, of this village, Norwich, and other places.  Applying to join Col. Christian's Regiment.  P.S. -- Col. Christian will take them, but has no power to take them as riflemen.
1861:05:15 Description of bandages for army.  Donations to Surg. S.F. McFarland, 43rd Regiment [N.Y.S.M.], Oxford, N.Y.
1861:06:26 [Letter, pt. 1].  Fr. "R., " Camp Scott, Staten Island [N.Y.], 6/18/61.  Concerns desertions.  140 enrolled in our company; down to 50 now.  Our captain not doing much.  Bloom and myself with 16 boys consolidated with Steuben Co.
1861:06:26 [Letter, pt. 2].  Fr. "R., " Camp Scott, Staten Island [N.Y.], 6/18/61.  Thomas A. Barber, with 18-20 boys have left Capt. Tyrrell's Company; now encamped where Willson's men [6th N.Y. Inf.] were quartered.
1861:06:26 70 ladies met at the last meeting for "war work".

 

See also The Communites of New York in the Civil War

 

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: December 21, 2011
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/counties/civil/counties/chenango.htm

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