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130th Infantry Regiment
Civil War


Mustered in: September 2, 1862
Designated 19th regiment of cavalry: August 11, 1863

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, organized in August and September, 1862, was converted into a regiment of cavalry, and, August 11, 1863, designated the 19th Regiment of Cavalry; later this designation was changed to 1st New York Volunteer Dragoons, and its record will be found under that heading.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Thirtieth Infantry.—This regiment, organized at Portage in Aug. and Sept., 1862, was transferred to the mounted service on July 28, 1863, under the designation of the 1st dragoons, and its record will be found under that title.

Muster Roll

Unit Roster

Further reading

Ainsworth, Jared L. HCWRTColl
(Extract from The Letters of Jared L. Ainsworth).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Benedict, George D. George D. Benedict letters,1863-1864.
Letters, 1863-1864, from George D. Benedict, a Union soldier serving with the 1st New York Dragoons in Virginia and Maryland, to his wife, Sarah Benedict, at Belvidere, Allegany County, N.Y., and one letter from James Hall to Sarah Benedict telling her that her husband had been severely wounded. Benedict's letters describe military life, including picket duty, food, pay, and health, as well as news of fighting and news about friends.
35 items.
Located at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Bowen, James Riley. Regimental history of the First New York Dragoons (originally the 130th N.Y. Vol. Infantry) during three years of active service in the great Civil War. [Battle Creek, Mich.] The Author, 1900. x, [7]-464 p. incl. ports. front. 21 cm.

Darling, Charles B. Charles B. Darling correspondence,1861-1864.
The collection consists of a microfilm copy of the papers of Charles B. Darling from 1861-1864. The majority of the collection is letters from Charles B. Darling to his family. His letters are concerned with all phases of army life: recruiting; war news and rumors; marches; travel by train; campsites; the surrounding countryside; the Southern whites, about whom he expresses opinions from dislike to admiration and sympathy; the Negroes whom he dislikes, although he is opposed to the institution of slavery; camp life, which he seems to like in spite of all hardships and monotony; food; sleeping quarters; officers; rumors of homefront traitors; his comrades; chaplains, whom he describes as "mostly poor drunken scamps"; Rebel soldiers, officers and men; the destruction of Southern homes and farms; his admiration for President Abraham Lincoln; and his confidence in General Ulysses Grant. The collection also includes three letters from his father, J.M. Darling; two to his wife and one to Charles.
1 microfilm reel.
Located at Emory University.

Jackson, Walter Hinckley. Walter H. Jackson papers,1852-1936.
Correspondence relating to family matters, business affairs, and professional activities; also genealogies of the Jackson and Samuel Williams families; legal and business papers; poems; clippings; Civil War diary covering his service as chief trumpeter in the 130th New York Infantry and 19th New York Cavalry, 1862-1865; and photographs.
.3 linear ft.
Located at the University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library.

Lorish, Andrew J. Civil War Miscellaneous Collection
(Enlisted man's letters, Sep 10, 1862-Sep 4, 1864).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Merville, Hiram P. and Chafee, Jane Spofford. Papers, 1862-1865.
Letters to family members during his service in the Civil War, with Company C, 130th New York Infantry Regiment, and with the 19th New York Cavalry Regiment in Virginia. Includes two letters he wrote in 1865 from the General Hospital in Buffalo, New York. Also includes a folder of typescript transcriptions prepared by the donor Jane Spofford Chafee. Approx.
.25 ft.
Located at Brown University.

Morey, William Carey. William Carey Morey, 1843-1925 papers,1863(ca.)-1916.
Diary kept while serving in 130th New York Infantry, the 1st New York Dragoons, 1863-65; published and unpublished writings on English and American constitutional law; and report on Rochester schools, 1873. 0.8 cubic ft.
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

New York Dragoons. 1st Regiment, 1862-1865. Regimental association 28th annual reunion at Buffalo, N.Y.,Aug. 23-28, 1897 with roster. Buffalo, N.Y.,1897. 1 v. (unpaged) 24 cm. Located at the Allen County Public Library.

Watts, Arthur H. Ledger 1864-1865. [Auburn, Ala.] Auburn University Special Collections and Archives, 1864-1865.
Consists of the regimental account ledger of the 1st New York Dragoons (a.k.a 19th New York Cavalry or 130th New York Volunteers) kept by Lieutenant Arthur H. Watts from September of 1864 to April of 1865. Includes reports on supplies received, forage reports, ordinance, and rations issued to the regimental companies while in Virginia. Amc archives. ledger (80 p.) 12 x 18 cm.
Located at Auburn University.


Items in the museum collection are in bold.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: January 19, 2018

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