21st Infantry Regiment
First Buffalo Regiment
Mustered in: May 20, 1861
Mustered out: May 18, 1863
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion,
3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. W. F. Rogers, was accepted by the State for a service
of two years, and numerically designated May 13, 1861; organized at Elmira,
and there mustered in the service of the United States for three months,
20, 1861. Members of the 65th and 74th Militia, four companies of the latter,
formed the nucleus of the regiment. At the request of the general government,
the Governor of the State, August 2, 1861, ordered the regiment in the service
of the United States for the unexpired portion of its term of State service.
men were recruited principally in the county of Erie; a few coming from
the counties of Allegany, Chautauqua, Niagara, Orleans, Oswego and Wyoming.
regiment left the State June 18, 1861; served at Fort Kalorama, D. C, from
June 19, 1861; at Fort Runyon, D. C, from August 4, 1861; in Wadsworth's
Brigade, McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac, from October 15, 1861; in
Patrick's Brigade, King's Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from
13, 1862; in 2d Brigade, King's Division, Department of Rappahannock, from
May, 1862; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 3d Corps, Army of Virginia, from
1862; in same brigade and division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September
12, 1862; in Patrick's Provost Guard Brigade, Army of the Potomac, from January,
1863; at Aquia Creek, Va., from April, 1863; and it was honorably discharged
and mustered out under Colonel Rogers, May 18, 1863, at Buffalo.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed
in action, 2 officers, 50 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 23 enlisted
men; of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 40 enlisted men; total, 4 officers,
113 enlisted men; aggregate, 117.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military
affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the
Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers.
Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Twenty-first Infantry.—Col., William F. Rogers; Lieut.-Cols., Adrian R.
Root, William H. Drew, Horace G. Thomas, Chester W. Sternberg; Majs., William
H. Drew, Horace G. Thomas, Chester W. Sternberg, Edward L. Lee. The 21st, the
1st Buffalo regiment, was recruited in that city, and was the outgrowth of the
74th N. Y. militia. It was mustered into the U. S. service May 20, 1861, at Elmira,
for three months and left there for Washington on June 18. It was first quartered
at the Union house, then at Kalorama heights and on July 14 moved to Fort Runyon,
Va. As in the other regiments which were mustered for three months the order
for remuster for the remainder of a two years' term, was received with ill feeling
and 41 members were placed under arrest and sentenced to the Dry Tortugas, from
which sentence they were released on condition that they finish their term of
service with the 2nd N. Y. infantry. On Aug. 31, the regiment was attached to
Wadsworth's brigade, McDowell's division, and ordered to Fort Cass, thence to
Upton's hill. Here a fort was built, called Fort Buffalo, which became the winter
quarters of the regiment until March 10, 1862, when it broke camp for the general
advance movement. The regiment moved to Centerville, the brigade under command
of Gen. Patrick and the division under Gen. King. After various marches, countermarches
and minor encounters with the enemy, it fought at the second battle of Bull Run
and Chantilly. At Upton's hill, where the army rested for a short time, the 21st
was assigned to the 3d brigade, 1st division, 1st corps and with it fought at
South mountain and Antietam, losing 71 members in the latter engagement. During
the battle of Fred-ericksburg the brigade was stationed on the extreme left of
the army. The regiment was assigned to Patrick's provost guard brigade on Jan.
9, 1863, and was associated with it until the end of the term of enlistment.
It was mustered out at Buffalo, May 18, 1863, having lost during its term of
service 75 by death from wounds and 42 by death from other causes.
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Dumphrey, Ansel W. Letter, 21 July 1861.
2 sheets. Reproduction.
Courtesy of George Wilkinson, researcher and historian of the Fourth Michigan Infantry and webmaster of 4thMichigan.com
Page view is here.
Johnson, Ray, Rick Ugino, Anthony Gero and Roger Sturcke.
" 21st New York Volunteer Infantry (1st Buffalo Regiment). 1861-1863. Military
Collector and Historian.
Mills, John Harrison. Chronicles of the Twenty-first regiment
N.Y.S.V., embracing a full history of the Regiment, from the enrolling of the
first volunteer in Buffalo, April 15th, 1861, to the final mustering out, on
the 18th day of May, 1863, by J. H. Mills. Buffalo: J. M. Johnson press,
Mills, John Harrison. Chronicles of the Twenty-first
regiment, New York state volunteers, embracing a full history of the Regiment,
enrolling of the first volunteer in Buffalo, April 15, 1861, to the final mustering
out, May 18, 1863. Including a copy of muster out rolls of field and staff,
and each company. Illustrated with original portraits and scenes from camp
and field, by J. Harrison Mills. Buffalo: John M. Layton, 1887.
Nagle, Theodore M. Reminiscences of the Civil war, by
Theodore M. Nagle, formerly Sergeant Company "C," 21st regiment, N.Y.S.
vol. inf. [Erie, PA: Dispatch ptg. co., 1923].
Strong, James Clark. Biographical sketch of James Clark
Strong, Colonel and Brigadier General by brevet. Los Gatos, CA, 1910.
Items the museum owns are in bold.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
January 25, 2018