23rd Infantry Regiment
Southern Tier Regiment; Southern Tier Rifles
Mustered in: July 2, 1861
Mustered out: May 22, 1863
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion,
3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. Henry C. Hoffman, was accepted and numbered by the State
May 16, 1861, organized at Elmira, and there mustered in the United States
for two years July 2, 1861. The three years' men of the regiment, a few in
Company B, were transferred to the 80th N. Y. Volunteers, May 29, 1863.
companies were recruited principally: A at Bath; B at Cuba; C at Owego;
D at Corning; E at Waverly; F and K at Elmira; G at Hornellsville; H at Cortland;
and I at Watkins; the men being from, the counties of Allegany, Chemung, Cortland,
Schuyler, Steuben, Tioga and Tompkins.
The regiment left the State July 5, 1861;
served at and near Washington, D. C., from July 7, 1861; in Hunter's, then
Sedgwick's, then Keyes', Brigade, Division
of Potomac, from August 4, 1861; in Wadsworth's Brigade, McDowell's Division,
Army of the Potomac, from October 15, 1861; in 2d, Patrick's, Brigade, 3d,
Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 13, 1862; in 2d Brigade,
King's Division, Department of Rappahannock, from May, 1862; in 3d Brigade,
1st Division, 3d Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; in the same brigade
and division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 12, 1862; in Patrick's
Provost Guard Brigade, Army of the Potomac, from January, 1863; at Aquia Creek,
Va., from April 29, 1863, and was honorably discharged and mustered out, under
Colonel Hoffman, May 22, 1863, at Elmira.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed
in action, 10 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 7 enlisted men; of
disease and other causes, 2 officers, 53 enlisted men; total, 2 officers, 70
enlisted men; aggregate, 72; of whom 5 enlisted men died in the hands of the
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military
affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the
Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers.
Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Twenty-third Infantry.—Col., Henry C. Hoffmann; Lieut.-Col. Nirom
M. Crane; Maj., William M. Gregg. The 23d was composed of three companies
from Steuben county, two from Tioga, two from Chemung, one from Alleghany,
one from Cortland and one from Schuyler, and was known as the Southern
Tier regiment. It was mustered into the U. S. service at Elmira on July
2, 1861, for a two years' term, and left the state for Washington on the
5th. For two, weeks it was encamped at Meridian hill, but moved on July
23 to Fort Runyon and on Aug. 5, to Arlington heights, where it remained
until Sept. 28. On Aug. 4, it was assigned to Hunter's brigade; on Oct.
15, to Wadsworth's brigade, McDowell's division, and in March, 1862, to
the 2nd brigade, 3d division, 1st corps, Army of the Potomac. Its first
encounters with the enemy were at Fall's Church, Ball's cross-roads, and
Munson's hill, losing in these engagements 1 man killed and 7 wounded.
On March 10, 1862, the regiment moved to Centerville, but returned after
five days to Upton's hill, proceeded to Bristoe Station and Falmouth and
undertook several expeditions with Falmouth as a base of operations. On
June 26, 1862, the regiment was attached to the 3d brigade, 1st division,
3d corps, Army of Virginia, with which it shared in Gen. Pope's campaign,
being in action at the Rappahannock, Sulphur Springs, Gainesville, and
the second Bull Run. In September, the brigade and division became part
of the 1st corps, Army of the Potomac, and fought at South mountain and
Antietam, with a loss to the 23d; in the latter battle of 42 killed, wounded
and missing. Until Oct. 20, the regiment encamped at Sharpsburg, Md., then
moved toward Fredericksburg
and was closely engaged in the battle there in December. Winter quarters
were established at Belle Plain and on Jan. 9, the regiment was transferred
to Patrick's provost guard brigade, with which it served until the expiration
of its term, stationed at Acquia creek in April and May, 1863. On June
26 the command was mustered out at New York city, having lost 17 by death
from wounds and 55 by death from all other causes.
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Maxson, William P. Camp fires of the Twenty-third, sketches
of the camp life, marches, and battles of the Twenty-third regiment, N.Y.V.,
during the term of two years in the service of the United States. Added to these
are statistics of enlistments, elections, promotions, sick, discharged, killed
and wounded, and all valuable information connected with the Regiment, by
Pound Sterling. New York: Davies & Kent, 1863.
Raus, Edmund J. Banners south: a northern community at war. Kent, Ohio : Kent State University Press, 2005.
Thank you to Joe Stahl for pointing out this resource.
Items the museum owns are in bold.
Back to Civil War Infantry Units
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
January 25, 2018