Autobiography of Hubert W. Mealing
1843 - 1917
1st Regiment Engineers, NY Volunteers
Transcribed and donated by Ross Gridley, great-grandson of Hubert
These are copies of, two sets of, hand written notes. These notes, presumably
by HUBERT W. MEALING are of his three years of military duty, in the Civil
War, from 1861 to 1864.
The first set of notes were written on, 8 by 10 inch (note), lined tablet
paper, in pencil. I have attempted to copy the text as it was written except
that I have inserted, in square brackets, i.e. [ note ] or (Ross) names, words
or letters to clarify or question marks to indicate words I could not decipher.
He was not consistent in his use of capital letters. There are no definite
sentences or paragraphs. His notes seem disjointed from page to page. If the
pages were not numbered you would assume their were pages missing.
Hubert Gridley, with limited added notes and corrections Ross Gridley.
The second set of notes, a more narrative type, written on 8 1/2 X 14 (legal)
paper in pen and ink, with a different penmanship. This may have been copied
by, or narrated to, a relative.
On the chance that their might be a book in the public library I visited
the Mesa [AZ] library. I found a book titled THE SIEGE OF CHARLESTON 1861-1865
by E. Milby Burton of Charleston, South Carolina. This book was a great help
in deciphering a major portion of these texts and filling in chronology gaps.
A two volumes set titled THE CIVIL WAR A NARRATIVE by Shelby Foote is another
source of information. The book(s) should contain an index for the best results.
There was one issue of a magazine, The Civil War Times Illustrated, issue of
May 1970, which contained an article titled FORT PULASKI by Allen P. Julian,
which gave me additional information. I would strongly suggest reading the
previously mentioned, and other, sources of information in conjunction with
HUBERT W. MEALING, was born in 1843. He enlisted from Sing Sing [now Ossining],
N. Y. at the age of 18 on September 27th 1861 in, Co. F., 1st Reg., N. Y. Engineers
as a Drummer. He was "Mustered In" on December 12th 1861, and he
was "Mustered out" on December 11th 1864. He married Hannah Miller
on June 24th 1866 at the 2nd Ref. [Reformed] D. [Dutch] Church, Tarrytown,
N. Y.. Hubert W. Mealing died on the 24th of April 1917 at the age of 74. There
were two daughters Mabel Ester Mealing, who married Joseph E. Firth, Collette
Mealing who married John David Walker and two sons George, and Allan Mealing
who married Katherine Shotwell.
Some personal effects of Hubert W. Mealing consisting of a Civil War drum,
drumsticks, G. A. R. [GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC] campaign hat, the Mustering
Out Roll, Discharge papers, Citizenship papers, Wedding certificate, Pension
Certificate, bank book, and Last Will and Testament are in the possession of
Ross Gridley, who is the Great Grandson of Hubert W. Mealing.
[Note: The word "Battery" was sometimes used in place of the word "Fort" possibly
due to the fact that these were fortified gun emplacements without the more
solid foundations needed to qualify for the "Fort" designation.]
[NOTE: The attack, on the batteries of Port Royal, was to begin on the 5th
of Nov. but the Flagship Wabash ran aground and by the time she was refloated
it was too late in the day. There was a storm on the sixth which delayed the
attack another day.]
[NOTE: Discharge, "Mustering Out", papers for Hubert W. Mealing
indicate an arrival in Port Royal, S.C. on February 28th 1862.]
The following is the first narrative of Hubert W. Mealing's service in the
To quote the first account:
The first slaves brought to Virginia landed at Jamestown [in] 1620 from a
On the 29th of Oct. 1861 an expedition commanded by W. T. [Should be: Gen.
Thomas W. ] Sherman which was composed of 13 regiments of volunteers. numbering
10,000 men. 13 regiments, [with] 26 vessels for the troops. With [Flag Officer]
Admiral [Samuel Francis] DuPont in command of the war vessels, which was composed
of 48 vessels, and after a stormy passage, in which several vessels were disabled
and 4 lost, the rest of the fleet arrived off Port Royal S. C. Nov. 3rd and
[NOTE: U. S. S. Wabash, Comdr. C. R. P. Rogers - Flagship for Admiral Samuel
[NOTE: The transport ship GOVERNOR was sinking in a storm near Cape Hatteras.
She was saved by the Gunboat ISAAC P. SMITH, and was assisted by the SABINE.]
On Nov. 7th they went into the harbor and commenced fire on the Rebel Forts,
[at] 9 [?] A. M. in the morning. Bay Point [location of Battery Beauregard]
and Hilton Head on the other side with a battery called Fort Walker. The
battle lasted nearly 5 hours. The Fort contained about 40 guns. We only found
one white man on the island and he [was] drunk.
[NOTE: True BROTHER against BROTHER. Comdr Percival Drayton, U.S.N., commanded
the U. S. S. Pochahontas. His brother Brig. Gen. Thomas Drayton was commander
of the Port Royal Confederate Forces.]
On July 25th [NOTE: SEE BELOW. I question the month.] we were ordered to [Tybee
Island near] Fort Pulaski [,GA.]. The brick work of which was 7 and a half
feet thick, 25 feet above ground, with 40 guns [and] 385 men in the fort. We
built 11 batteries on Tybee Island with 36 guns in all. 10 TO 13 inch mortars
and rifled guns. The farthest 2 miles and the nearest less than a mile [from
Fort Pulaski]. After orders for surrender of [the] Fort [was refused], at 8
A.M, fire was opened on the Fort [Pulaski] until dark and after that time through
the night the mortars fired about every 15 minutes. At 2 P. M., the next day
they ran up a white flag and surrendered.
[Re. Ft. Pulaski: May 27, 1861, first Union blockade ship arrived.]
[Re. Ft. Pulaski: Nov. , 1861, Confederate rearming of the fort.]
[Re. Ft. Pulaski: Nov. 24, 1861, Union occupied Tybee Island.]
[Re. Ft. Pulaski: Feb. 20, 1862, Union battery placed on Bird Island.]
[Re. Ft. Pulaski: Feb. 21, 1862, Union batteries started on Tybee Island.]
[Re. Ft. Pulaski: Apr. 9, 1862, Union batteries completed on Tybee Island.]
[Re. Ft. Pulaski: Apr. 10, 1862, Surrender of Ft. Pulaski requested.]
[Re. Ft. Pulaski: Apr. 13, 1862, Surrender of Ft. Pulaski.]
[NOTE: The following ships were used in the attack on Ft. Sumter and Ft. Moultrie
in Charleston Harbor, Apr. 7, 1862]
[Monitor, U. S. S.] WEEHAUKEN, ColonelJohn Rodgers
[Monitor, U. S. S.] PASSAIC, Capt.Ferdinand Drayton
[Monitor, U. S. S.] MONTAUK, Capt.John Worden
[Monitor, U. S. S.] PATAPSCO, Commander Daniel Hynman
[Frigate, U. S. S.] NEW IRONSIDES, Commodore.Thomas Turner - [Flagship of DuPont]
[Monitor, U. S. S.] CATSKILL, Commodore.George W.Rodgers
[Monitor, U. S. S.] NANTUCKET, Commodore.Donald M.Fairfax
[Monitor, U. S. S.] NAHANT, Commodore.John Downs
[Monitor, U. S. S.] KEOKUK, Commodore.Alex C. Rhind - [Sunk Apr. 7, 1982]
and 5 Gunboats.
[Gunboat, ISAAC P. SMITH, LT. J. W. A. Nickolson, U. S. N.]
[NOTE: The following ships were used in the July 10, 1863 attack on Little
[Monitor, U. S. S.] WEEHAUKEN, Colonel John Rodgers
[Monitor, U. S. S.] MONTAUK, Captain John Worden
[Monitor, U. S. S.] CATSKILL, Commodore George W. Rodgers - Flagship of Admiral
[Monitor, U. S. S.] NAHANT, Commodore John Downs
[In the] charge [maybe first attack on July 11, 1863] on Fort Wagner [originally
called "Neck Battery", on Morris Island] our men were formed in three
brigades. The First [Regiment was] led by Gen. Strong; the 54th Mass., [was
led by] Colored Colonel Robert Shaw; the 6th Connecticut, [was led by] Colonel
Chatfield; the 48th N.Y., [was led by] Colonel Barton; the 3rd New Hampshire,
[was led by] Colonel Jackson; the 76th Pen[nsylvania?]., [was led by] Colonel
Stanbridge; the 9th Maine, [was led by] Colonel Emery. In this assault [were]
1000.500 [? 6,000] men. While the Rebels [had] not much over one hundred more.
We commenced a regular siege on Fort Wagner. We were about 2 miles from Fort
Sumter. The "SWAMP ANGEL", 16 pounds[?] powder[?] [_ _??]getlite
[NOTE: There were over 300 Union casualties and 12 Confederate troops killed
or wounded. Fort Wagner was evacuated at night and Fort Wagner and Morris Island
were in Union hands.]
End quote of the first account.
The following is the second and more detailed narrative of Hubert W. Mealing's
service in the Civil War.
To quote the second account:
In the year 1861, I was out of the United States as the saying goes for I
was in Jersey learning a trade with my oldest brother, and as business was
dull with him on the account of the war I had to come home. Fort Sumter had
been fired upon and Sing Sing [Ossining, N. Y.] had raised a company of young
men of about 100 which was called, Co. F, 17 New York Vol., called the "Sing
Sing Tagers [?]". Now you can imagine by taking one hundred men out of
a town like Sing Sing was 35 years ago [1896 - 1861] how lonesome it would
make the few that remained, so in September, [27th], 1861 I enlisted in the
1st N.Y. Vol. Engineers. or better known as "Serrells Engineers." as
Colonel Edward W. Serrell was Colonel of the regiment.
[Note: He was "Mustered-In" on Dec. 12, 1861.] (Mustered into regular
After enlisting I was sent to Camp Washington, Staten Island, and from there
we were ordered aboard transports, under sealed orders, bound for we did not
know where, until after we arrived off [Cape] Hatteras. Then the orders were
broken and found that we were bound for Port Royal, South Carolina. [He arrived
at Port Royal on Feb. 28, 1862.]
[NOTE: The preceding dates, as recorded on his "Muster" records,
throw doubt on his participation in the November attacks on Beauregard and
Walker as recounted. Then again. What did he do from September (enlistment)
to December (Muster-In)? Then again. He arrived at Port Royal on Feb. 28, 1862.]
[NOTE: The attack, on the batteries of Port Royal, was to begin on the 5th
of Nov. 1861, but the Flagship Wabash ran aground and by the time she was refloated
it was too late in the day. There was a storm on the sixth which delayed the
attack another day.]
The naval fleet was under the command of [Rear] Admiral [Samuel Francis]
DuPont, who made the first attack [on] the 5th November to find the enemy positions.
On the 7th [Nov.] they again attacked their forts and captured both Fort Walker
and Fort Beauregard, both very strong earth works. The troops were then landed
in small boats, who were commanded by Generals, [Brig. Gen.] Thomas W. Sherman,
Viele, [Brig. Gen. Isaac I.] Stevens, and [Brig. Gen. H. G.] Wright with about
15,000 men. The enemy retreated leaving about 40 cannon in our possession.
Our loss was eight killed and twenty five wounded while theirs was heavier.
This was the first landing of troops in South Carolina. After the engagement
we had several engagements in that vicinity on the different islands.
I well remember the first clothing that I drew from Uncle Sam and with the
rest a pair of shoes which was a pair of government fives and a good size five.
I tell you up to this time I had worn a No. three as I was not a man but a
boy seventeen years old so you can see this was not a very good fit for a boy.
From South Carolina we were ordered to Tybee Island, Georgia, at the mouth
of the Savanah River, to build breastworks to bombard Fort Pulaski. After the
breastworks were built General Quincy A. Gillmore, who was in command of our
troops, sent some officers to the fort for the surrender of the same which
was commanded by a Colonel by the name of [Charles H.] Olmstead. Our Lieutenant
Colonel was one of these officers that went to the fort and asked Colonel Olmstead
for the surrender of the fort. He said that he was not sent there for the surrender
of the fort but to protect it and our Lieutenant Colonel said to him "yes
you are sent here to protect stolen property". They came back with their
message and the General gave our men orders to get their batteries ready for
action and we were not long in doing that. The eleven batteries was soon firing
shot and shell lively. During the day they ran up a white flag and our men
were ordered to cease firing and a small boat was again sent back to the Fort
to see what was wanted and Colonel Olmstead wanted to know how Gen.Gillmore
wanted him to surrender and the Gen. sent word to him "an unconditional
surrender". Colonel Olmstead told him if he would let him take his men
and go to Savanah he would surrender the fort to him. He told him he wanted
everything in the Fort. Olmstead would not accept these terms so Gillmore again
opened fire on them and the mortars were fired all night to keep them from
making any repairs. The next morning they again hoisted the white flag and
the fort was ours with 380 prisoners. Our loss was one killed and three wounded.
We had knocked a hole in the fort that you could drive a two horse wagon through.
We were on Tybee Island fourteen days and fourteen nights and did not have
a change of clothing in this time. After the capture of the fort we were ordered
a little farther down to the end of the island so me and another fellow from
Sing Sing, by the name of Van Wart, thought we would fix up for the night so
I proposed to him that, as it was raining, we dig a hole and cover it with
Salt Grass and such other stuff as we could collect, so after we had some hard
tack and coffee we thought we would turn in for the night and get one good
nights rest, but in about two hours and a half I thought I felt a queer sensation
around my feet and legs.
Come to find out the cause, the tide had risen and had come in on us and we
were the first to find it out in the company as we were lower than the rest
on the account of digging the hole so we got the rest of the men up and got
on higher ground. We then went to work and built some fires and made ourselves
as comfortable as possible.
[About April 12, 1862.] Next morning we were ordered over to the Fort [Pulaski]
with the 48th N.Y. Vol. which was afterward called by Colonel Fox [?] as one
of the famous fighting regiments commanded by Colonel Perry, a Methodist Minister.
I have a little silk flag that was carried in this regiment by a brother-in-law
of mine. He carried it as a guide flag. We stayed here at the fort some time.
The Rebs did not bother us much but there used to be lots of Contrabands [Dictionary:
A negro slave who escaped to or was brought within the Union lines.] come in
here while we were here.
I recollect one morning, I was out by the dock, I saw a small boat coming
down the river and when it got near enough the sentry on the dock hailed them
and called for the Corporal of the Guard. He came and [they] landed and there
was four of them and a young officer. They had got the officers pistol from
him while on picket duty on the Savanah river that night and made him come
down the river in place of going to Savanah. The four men had got enough of
the war but the young Lieutenant had not but they made him come along. The
young Lieutenant was a nephew of Commodore [Josiah] Tatnall [Port Royal, "mosquito
fleet" consisting of 3 small river steamers and one Tug, each with 2 -
32lb guns.] of the Rebel navy from Fort Pulaski. He was ordered back to Port
One morning we were ordered to get on a steamer to go to, we did not know
where, but we were finally landed at Folly Island South Carolina and from there
marched to the other end of the island and from there crossed to Morris Island
where after three unsuccessful charges on the rebel breastworks [of Fort Wagner.
July 10, 1863 ] with heavy losses of our men. We then had to make a regular
siege on their works as we could not take them in no other way. The Rebels
had torpedos in the sand to blow our men up and wires fixed to trip them up.
Colonel [Robert Gould] Shaw of the 55th [Should be 54th] Mass Colored Regiment
was killed in one of these charges and the Rebels buried him in a trench with
about 50 of the colored men on top of him. Brigadier General George C. Strong,
who had the Post of Honor, was wounded and died from the effects from the same
in New York.
While we were laying here at Morris Island the Rebels used to fire pieces
of old railroad iron and old bottles at us. (and)
While there a man of one of the regiment killed between the breastworks who
was a negro Corporal of the 3rd United States Colored Regiment and the Rebels
attached a torpedo to his body by means of wires so that when our men tried
to get him to bury him they would be blown up, but the Yankees was to smart
for them. That night when it was very dark a Sergeant of Co. B of our regiment
crawled out to him and disconnected the wires from the torpedo and we buried
While Sanitary Fair [the Sanitary Commission was the for runner to the Red
Cross] was going on 1863 in New York our Regiment sent one of these torpedos
to have on exhibition at the same.
It was our Regiment that built the famous Swamp Angel. [The Swamp Angel was
an 8 inch Parrott rifle mounted on a wooden platform.] It was built in the
swamp and our Colonel got orders to build it. He sent for one of our Lieutenants
and told him about building this Swamp Angel and told him to make out a requisition
for what he wanted to build it with.
He made out the requisition and with the same he wanted seventy five men,
fourteen feet tall, as it was almost impossible to work in the soft muck. We
got at the job and finished it and mounted a three hundred pound Parrott gun.
(That same old gun is in one of the parks at Trenton N.J..) Besides there were
two mortars in the batteries and we used them to throw shells into Charleston
which was about five miles distant.
[NOTE: The Swamp Angel was fired a total of 36 times. Liquid and solid Greek
Fire were in the shells. 30 rounds landed in Charleston. 6 rounds exploded
in the gun and eventually destroyed the breech.]
While we were building this battery the Rebels got the range and they commenced
to shell us pretty lively and our Colonel proposed to build a "Quaker" battery
[mock gun emplacement - unmanned - without guns] which we did. It was built
out of plank and swamp grass and built very high. After that they did not bother
us much as they commenced to shell this battery and there was no one in that.
I recollect going up to work with a detail one night and the man on the lookout
hollered to us to get under cover from a shell from Fort Moultrie. ( Fort Moultrie
was abandon by the US Army Dec. 26, 1860 for the more defendable Fort Sumter)
While we were getting under cover from the shell I heard laughing from the
men and looked a little way from where I was and saw a colored man who belonged
in the 1st South Carolina Regiment getting under a rubber blanket supported
by four sticks and three or four more men on top of him to get out of the way
of this three hundred pound shell.
We had already [Aug. 1863] commenced to sap [ Dictionary: "a deep narrow
trench constructed to approach a beseiged place or an enemy's position"]
to Fort Wagner S.C. which was a hard job. We had to roll a round Gabion, [a
wicker cylinder] made like a basket and filled with sticks and rolled along
the ground [ Dictionary: as a defense] and dig a trench and throw the earth
up on both sides. Finally we had worked up so close to Fort Wagner that we
could toss a stone in to the same.
One afternoon while working there a young man from Sing Sing who's name was
Shaffier[?] and who's name is on the monument here was shot by a Rebel sharpshooter.
He was shot in the back of his head and the ball lodged over his eye. He lived
twenty four hours with this ball in his brain. You can imagine what the news
was to his poor widowed mother. He was a brave, nobel fellow about twenty two
years old. We made a rough pine box and buried him with as much respect as
One of the most brilliant events that occurred while we were on the island
occurred on Wednesday night. 24th Mass Regiment bore a worthy part and which
resulted in success for our men. Colonel Osborne [?] was on duty in the trenches
at the time and just before dark according to orders our batteries that is
our parallels on the right commanded by Capt. Joseph J. Comstock and Capt.
Charles G. Steakes [?] and Albert Green and Lieutenant George Green of the
3rd Rhode Island Artillery also Capt. Skinner 7th Conn. who commanded batteries
of mortars were opened on Fort Wagner and after fifteen minutes of deafening
cannonading, our guns having been replied to by the Rebels, the 24th Mass was
now ordered forward on a double quick to seize a nole [knoll] that the Rebels
were behind which they did and captured one company of the 61st North Carolina
Regiment. What our men had the most to fear was Fort Wagner as that was only
150 yards distant from where this engagement took place and after this had
happened it took some lively handling of shovels to throw up the sand to protect
themselves from Fort Wagner. Finally on the 6th Sept. they vacated Wagner and
Gregg as the 1st N. Y. Engineer were getting so close to them they thought
we were going to blow them up.
That morning the Engineers flag waved from the top of Fort Wagner. This gave
us the entire island.
While lying here on Morris Island there was a man of one of the regiment trying
to desert but in making the attempt he got lost in the swamp. He had not been
with the regiment long and he did not know much about the place so in the morning
when daylight came he was in front of a small island, called Block Island,
and one of the sentries saw him out there and hailed him and told him to come
in. After he got in they began to question him and he said that he was a rebel
deserter. Of course they did not know him as he had nothing on but his underclothing.
They usually sent any prisoners or deserters to Port Royal but in his case
it so happened that he was sent back to Morris Island, where he had deserted
from, so there were quite a number of our men went to see him and among the
rest some of his own company and he was tried for desertion by what they call
in the Army "Drum Head Court Martial", was found guilty and sentenced
to be shot in 24 hours. The next afternoon he was brought from the guard house
in an ambulance with his coffin in the same. He was setting on the coffin with
a guard of three men and in that order he was taken out along the beach where
the men were all drawn up in line to witness the shooting. The ambulance went
along the entire line which was about half mile long and after it had went
the whole length it returned to the center. While this was going on the drums
were beating the "Dead March" and after they arrived at the sentence
[? center] the word "halt" was given and the condemned man jumpt
out and helped the guards take out his coffin. He then took off his outside
shirt and that left him with nothing but a thin under shirt. He was next blindfolded
by the officer in charge and told to kneel on his coffin. Then the twelve men
that were to shoot him were brought up in line. There were eleven guns that
were loaded with powder and ball and one only with powder. Then the officer
gave the signal with a handkerchief and he was dead in an instant.
While laying hear on the islnd the Rebels had a boat they called the PLANTER,
a propeller (a propeller driven craft) they used around the harbor. One day
the crew had been taking some of the rebel officers some where and after they
had landed them the pilot, who was a colored man, ran out past Fort Sumter
and blew the signal and ran out to the fleet and gave him [self] up. This colored
mans name was Robert Smalls who went to work after the war and educated himself
and was sent to Congress from South Carolina.
The first two years of my service was spent down in South Carolina, Georgia,
and Florida. From there we were ordered to Virginia on a big ocean steamer
called the "Northern Light". We arrived in the York River opposite
Yorktown and was landed at a place called Gloster Point Virginia. We lay there
for a few days and were again ordered to get on steamboats which started up
the James River. We were landed and marched inland to a place called Burmuda
Hundred. This was called Butlers Expedition [? Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler].
We then went to work strengthening our position. We built a line of breastworks
from the James River to the Appomattox which was six miles long and mounted
the same with heavy guns. This was the spot where General Grant once said General
Butler was hermetically sealed. There we made several advances from this point.
One time we advanced toward Richmond by way Fort Darling [?] but were driven
back. At another time (Aug. 18, 1864) we went out and tore up quite a piece
of the Weldon Railroad.
It was near here that Butlers Dutch Gap Canal was dug. There was hardly a
day that we had some fighting or skirmishing going on hear.
I saw another young fellow about 18 shot here who went to sleep on the picket
post. There were two other men on post with him and they told him to lay down
and go to sleep and they would watch while he was asleep. They drew the charge
out of his gun and deserted. They were what we called "Bounty Jumpers" so
this young fellow was shot. The Articles of War says if you are caught asleep
on post you shall be shot.
While hear Grants Army crossed to the south side of the James River. They
crossed on pontoon bridges built by the 1st N. Y. Vol. Engineers. One at
[?] Landing and the other at Deep Bottom (Landing) and marched to Petersburgh
to commence operation on Richmond.
I remember one day while along the breastworks at Burmuda Hundred before
General Grant crossed to that side that he came over there to inspect the breastworks.
I then saw him for the first time. As he and General Butler came along one
of the men who stood near me said, "Here come General Grant" and
I laughed at the fellow because he did not have a fancy uniform on. Butler
had a very nice uniform on and General Grant only had on an army blouse with
a soft slouch hat and dark pants and the stump of a cigar in his mouth.
Things got very lively after that I can tell you. My brother, younger than
myself, was with Sheridan in the Shanandoah Valley and was there when Sheridan
wiped [whipped?] the Rebel General Early and when Grant crossed the James,
Sheridan came with his men too. After they had been up in front of Petersburgh
some little time I got a pass to go and see my brother [ in 6th N. Y. Heavy
Battery] who was lying up near Petersburgh in camp in a piece of woods. I staid
with him all of that night. About four o'clock in the morning they got orders
to fall in. Orders were given by General Grant that morning to open all of
the heavy guns along the line which was about one hundred of them so you see
I was in a very hot place visiting. I tell you you would have thought the world
was coming to an end. This was the morning (July 30th) that the mine was blown
up under one of the rebel forts at Petersburgh. I did not have a very pleasant
visit I can tell you.
We exchanged stories together of what we had went through and I saw quite
a number of Sing Sing boys that were in the same regiment which was the 6th
N. Y. Heavy Battery. I was telling him of what I had seen in the department
of the south and also in Virginia. The only satisfaction I got was I had not
seen anything as I thought after they had told of some of their engagements
in the valley with Sheridan and in Grants campaign before Richmond, North Anna,
Spotsilvania, the Wilderness, Cold Harbor where they said they piled the dead
men up and made breastworks of them. I then thought I was not in it with them.
That morning I again returned to my regiment and while laying on the James
River near Akens Landing I saw quite a number of Union prisoners brought down
from the Rebel prisons. At Richmond the most of these men were unable to walk
and had to be carried on stretchers on the boat that was to take them to Fort
Monroe, but the Rebel prisoners that were exchanged for them were all able
to go back in the ranks and fight against us again.
I was discharged at Varina, Va. Dec. 1864 after serving three years and three
months in the service and I am glad to say that Old Glory now waves or the
land of the free and the home of the brave and also glad that same old flag
waves over about every schoolhouse in the Empire State."
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During the Civil War
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March 30, 2006