New York Naval Militia Northern Command encompasses that part of the state from the lower Hudson Valley to Canada, and from the border with New England west to Central New York. It consists of 19 counties that contain over 1.6 million residents. The region includes the international land borders with Quebec and portions of the water border with Ontario.
It includes important waterways such as the St. Lawrence Seaway, Lake Champlain, Hudson and Mohawk Rivers, the headwaters of the Delaware River, and the Erie and Champlain Canal systems. The area also includes the State Capital Region; Adirondack Park; and, a large portion of the Catskill Park. Key infrastructure throughout this region includes the Eisenhower and Snell locks, several important bridges to New England and Ontario, and the Port of Albany/Rensselaer.
NORTHCOM personnel actively work with homeland security and law enforcement agencies throughout the region. These departments include U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Coast Guard Sectors New York and Northern New England, and the numerous state, county, and municipal agencies.